Department of Labor and Regulation

South Dakota e-Labor Bulletin from the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation

Overview of the labor market in September

Labor Supply

The number of South Dakotans who would be available to staff a new or expanding business, or South
Dakota's labor supply, was estimated at 50,050
in September 2014. Included in this labor supply are those who currently hold jobs (and would like to change) and those who, for a variety of reasons, do not have jobs. (See related data.)

South Dakota Labor Supply
September 2014

September 2014 labor supply estimates by county for South Dakota

Labor Force

This data is seasonally adjusted.

Preliminary estimates show the September 2014 South Dakota labor force up over the month, with the level of employed increasing by 600 (0.1 percent). The level of unemployed decreased by 500 (3.1 percent).

Nationally, the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.9 percent. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 329,000 to 9.3 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.3 percentage points and 1.9 million, respectively.

South Dakota's September 2014 labor force of 450,500 increased compared to the September 2013 level of 448,300. The level of employed increased by 3,400 (0.8 percent); the level of unemployed decreased by 1,200 persons (7.2 percent).

South Dakota Unemployment Rates by County
Not seasonally adjusted
September 2014

September 2014 unemployment rates by county for South Dakota

Notes about labor force data

The unemployment rate represents the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force. People are classified as unemployed if they do not have jobs, have actively looked for work in the prior four weeks and are currently available for work. People who were not working and were waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they were temporarily laid off are also included as unemployed.

Labor force estimates for South Dakota are produced by the Labor Market Information Center in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The concepts and definitions underlying the labor force data come from the Current Population Survey (CPS), the household survey which is the official measure of the labor force for the nation. The statewide estimate of the number of nonfarm jobs is a component of the model used to produce the labor force estimates. Other data used in this model include the number of continued unemployment insurance claims and survey data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) which is specific to the state.

Although state specific data is used in the production of the labor force estimates for South Dakota, the state monthly model estimates are controlled in "real time" to sum to national monthly labor force estimates from the CPS. Therefore, variation in the estimates of the employed and unemployed are somewhat controlled by what is happening nationally. (See methodology.)

South Dakota Nonfarm Wage & Salaried Workers by Industry

This data is not seasonally adjusted.

Over-the-month comparisons

Based on a monthly survey of South Dakota establishments where employment data is collected for the pay periods that occur during the 12th of the month, preliminary estimates show the total nonfarm wage and salaried worker level decreased by 4,600 (or 1.1 percent) from August 2014 to September 2014.

There were numerous events that increased the demand for services such as Black Hills Showcase, Portfolio Art Show, Vintiques Rod Run and Car Show, Quilt Show, Homesteader Day Celebration, Foothills Bud Light Bull Bash, Kuchen Festival, Beef n Fun Days, Fire and Rescue and Annual Car Show, North Country Fiber Fair, Schmeckfest, Menno Pioneer Power Show, Celtic Faire and Games, Women’s Expo, National Pedal Pull, Great Pumpkin Festival and Buffalo Wallow Chili Cookoff.

The leisure and hospitality industry showed the largest private loss with a 5,400 worker (or 10.6 percent) decrease. This large loss is not uncommon for this time frame as schools are now back in session. Retail trade had a decrease in workers by 2,300 (4.4 percent). Professional and business services also had a loss of 1,300 workers (4.1 percent). Government had a large over-the-month gain of 4,300 workers (5.8 percent). This large growth is due to employment starting back for school.

Over-the-year comparisons

Based on a monthly survey of South Dakota establishments, preliminary estimates show total nonfarm wage and salaried workers increased by 2,000 (or 0.5 percent) from September 2013 to September 2014.

Professional and business services had an over-the-year increase of 600 workers (2.0 percent). The September 2014 level was 30,300 compared to 29,700 in September 2013. During the time frame of January 2003 to December 2013, the industry has overall continued to trend upwards.

Wholesale trade showed worker gains over-the-year with an added 1,400 workers (7.1 percent). The September 2013 level was 19,700 compared to 21,100 in September 2014. The wholesale trade industry has been steadily trending upward since 2008.

Manufacturing produced a gain of 1,300 workers (3.1 percent) over-the-year from 41,500 in September 2013 to 42,800 in September 2014. South Dakota manufacturing has performed uniquely, as the industry produced worker growth from the beginning of 2004 all the way through November 2008, while national manufacturing has not shown growth since 1998. South Dakota showed its first over-the-year loss in August 2008 as the national recession became more pronounced and the world recession continued. South Dakota has shown a steady increase in manufacturing from the recession.

Leisure and hospitality had a worker loss of 1,600 workers over the year (3.4 percent) to a level of 45,400 in September 2014. The September 2013 worker level was 47,000. This sector fluctuates due to seasonality and events during the year. During the years of 2003-2013, the industry shows very consistently of peak and low yearly patterns. Retail trade had a decrease of 1,200 workers (2.3 percent) over the year, which is not uncommon for this time period.

Find nonfarm worker data for areas within South Dakota.

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See more information on the Current Employment Statistics (CES) Program, including definitions.


Marcia Hultman, Secretary
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184