Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

October 2014 South Dakota statewide data just released

Note: The following data release includes October 2014 seasonally adjusted statewide labor force and both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted statewide nonfarm data. The full release of October 2014 labor force and not seasonally adjusted nonfarm wage and salaried worker data for all areas will be on Nov. 26, with the publication of the South Dakota e-Labor Bulletin. October 2014 not seasonally adjusted data will also be published in the historical data bases of labor force and nonfarm wage and salaried worker data at that time. Seasonally adjusted October 2014 labor force data for the two Metropolitan Statistical Areas will be available Dec. 9, 2014.

Labor Force

Preliminary estimates show the September 2014 South Dakota labor force up over the month, with the level of employed increasing by 1,400 (0.3 percent). The level of unemployed decreased by 700 (4.5 percent).

Nationally, both the unemployment rate (5.8 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (9.0 million) edged down in October.

Seasonally Adjusted Labor Force
  October 2014   September 2014
Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate
United States 156,278,000 147,283,000 8,995,000 5.8% 155,862,000 146,600,000 9,262,000 5.9%
South Dakota 451,400 436,500 14,800 3.3% 450,600 435,100 15,500 3.4%

South Dakota's October 2014 labor force of 451,400 increased compared to the October 2013 level of 448,600. The level of employed increased by 4,400 (1.0 percent); the level of unemployed decreased by 1,700 persons (10.3 percent).

Seasonally Adjusted Labor Force
  October 2014   October 2013
Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate
United States 156,278,000 147,283,000 8,995,000 5.8% 154,625,000 143,485,000 11,140,000 7.2%
South Dakota 451,400 436,500 14,800 3.3% 448,600 432,100 16,500 3.7%

The unemployment rate represents the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force. People are classified as unemployed if they do not have jobs, have actively looked for work in the prior four weeks and are currently available for work. People who were not working and were waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they were temporarily laid off are also included as unemployed.

Note: The published unemployment rate presented above may not equal the percentage calculated using the published unemployed and labor force figures presented above due to rounding.

Nonfarm wage & salaried workers

The October 2014 nonfarm worker data is preliminary and subject to revision.

Over the month, the seasonally adjusted worker level increased by 1,500 workers (0.4 percent) to a level of 422,700.

Over the year, the total seasonally adjusted nonfarm worker level increased by 6,000 workers (1.4 percent). The largest number of jobs were added within the manufacturing (1,600 workers or 3.9 percent), wholesale trade (1,400 workers or 7.1 percent) and professional and business services (600 workers or 2.0 percent) industry sectors.

South Dakota
(Seasonally Adjusted)

% Change From
October*
2014
September
2014
October
2013
Last
Month
Last
Year
Total 422,700 421,200 416,700 0.4 1.4
Mining, Logging & Construction 22,300 21,700 21,100 2.8 5.7
Manufacturing 42,700 42,800 41,100 -0.2 3.9
Trade, Transportation & Utilities 84,200 84,500 82,800 -0.4 1.7
  Wholesale Trade 21,000 21,000 19,600 0.0 7.1
  Retail Trade 50,500 50,800 50,800 -0.6 -0.6
  Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 12,700 12,700 12,400 0.0 2.4
Information 6,300 6,200 6,100 1.6 3.3
Financial Activities 30,000 30,100 29,900 -0.3 0.3
Professional & Business Services 30,300 30,100 29,700 0.7 2.0
Educational & Health Services 67,700 67,500 68,200 0.3 -0.7
Educational Services  7,900 7,800 7,500 1.3 5.3
   Health Care & Social Assistance 59,800 59,700 60,700 0.2 -1.5
Leisure & Hospitality 44,000 43,100 44,500 2.1 -1.1
Other Services (except Public Administration) 16,500 16,400 15,800 0.6 4.4
Government 78,700 78,800 77,500 -0.1 1.5
  Federal Government 11,200 11,200 11,000 0.0 1.8
  State Government 18,500 18,900 18,500 -2.1 0.0
  Local Government 49,000 48,700 48,000 0.6 2.1

The table above shows the seasonally adjusted data. A table displaying the not seasonally adjusted data can be found below. Visit our technical notes Web page for an explanation of seasonal adjustment.

Over the month, the not seasonally adjusted nonfarm wage and salaried worker level increased by 800 workers (0.2 percent) from September 2014 to October 2014.

Over the year, the not seasonally adjusted nonfarm wage and salaried worker level increased by 6,000 workers (1.4 percent). The largest number of jobs were added within the manufacturing (1,600 workers or 3.9 percent), wholesale trade (1,500 workers or 7.6 percent) and other services (700 workers or 4.4 percent) industry sectors.

South Dakota
(Not Seasonally Adjusted)

% Change From
October*
2014
September
2014
October
2013
Last
Month
Last
Year
Total 426,100 425,300 420,100 0.2 1.4
Mining, Logging & Construction 24,100 23,900 22,800 0.8 5.7
Manufacturing 43,000 42,900 41,400 0.2 3.9
Trade, Transportation & Utilities 84,500 84,600 83,100 -0.1 1.7
  Wholesale Trade 21,300 21,000 19,800 1.4 7.6
  Retail Trade 50,300 50,700 50,700 -0.8 -0.8
  Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 12,900 12,900 12,600 0.0 2.4
Information 6,300 6,200 6,100 1.6 3.3
Financial Activities 29,900 29,800 29,900 0.3 0.0
Professional & Business Services 30,100 30,400 29,800 -1.0 1.0
Educational & Health Services 67,900 67,100 68,500 1.2 -0.9
Educational Services  8,200 7,700 7,800 6.5 5.1
   Health Care & Social Assistance 59,700 59,400 60,700 0.5 -1.6
      Hospitals 23,900 23,900 23,600 0.0 1.3
Leisure & Hospitality 43,700 45,200 44,000 -3.3 -0.7
Other Services (except Public Administration) 16,600 16,500 15,900 0.6 4.4
Government 80,000 78,700 78,600 1.7 1.8
  Federal Government 11,200 11,300 11,000 -0.9 1.8
  State Government 19,400 19,200 19,200 1.0 1.0
  Local Government 49,400 48,200 48,400 2.5 2.1

*Note: All October 2014 data in the tables and narrative above is preliminary and subject to revision.

A more comprehensive overview of the labor market in October 2014, including substate labor force and nonfarm industry data, will be available Nov. 26 in the South Dakota e-Labor Bulletin published on this website. To view the current e-Labor Bulletin, click on the large "e" on our home page or subscribe to receive an email notice when a new edition is available.

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Overview of the labor market in September

Labor Supply

The number of South Dakotans who would be available to staff a new or expanding business, or South
Dakota's labor supply, was estimated at 50,050
in September 2014. Included in this labor supply are those who currently hold jobs (and would like to change) and those who, for a variety of reasons, do not have jobs. (See related data.)

South Dakota Labor Supply
September 2014

September 2014 labor supply estimates by county for South Dakota

Labor Force

This data is seasonally adjusted.

Preliminary estimates show the September 2014 South Dakota labor force up over the month, with the level of employed increasing by 600 (0.1 percent). The level of unemployed decreased by 500 (3.1 percent).

Nationally, the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.9 percent. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 329,000 to 9.3 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.3 percentage points and 1.9 million, respectively.

South Dakota's September 2014 labor force of 450,500 increased compared to the September 2013 level of 448,300. The level of employed increased by 3,400 (0.8 percent); the level of unemployed decreased by 1,200 persons (7.2 percent).

South Dakota Unemployment Rates by County
Not seasonally adjusted
September 2014

September 2014 unemployment rates by county for South Dakota

Notes about labor force data

The unemployment rate represents the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force. People are classified as unemployed if they do not have jobs, have actively looked for work in the prior four weeks and are currently available for work. People who were not working and were waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they were temporarily laid off are also included as unemployed.

Labor force estimates for South Dakota are produced by the Labor Market Information Center in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The concepts and definitions underlying the labor force data come from the Current Population Survey (CPS), the household survey which is the official measure of the labor force for the nation. The statewide estimate of the number of nonfarm jobs is a component of the model used to produce the labor force estimates. Other data used in this model include the number of continued unemployment insurance claims and survey data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) which is specific to the state.

Although state specific data is used in the production of the labor force estimates for South Dakota, the state monthly model estimates are controlled in "real time" to sum to national monthly labor force estimates from the CPS. Therefore, variation in the estimates of the employed and unemployed are somewhat controlled by what is happening nationally. (See methodology.)

South Dakota Nonfarm Wage & Salaried Workers by Industry

This data is not seasonally adjusted.

Over-the-month comparisons

Based on a monthly survey of South Dakota establishments where employment data is collected for the pay periods that occur during the 12th of the month, preliminary estimates show the total nonfarm wage and salaried worker level decreased by 4,600 (or 1.1 percent) from August 2014 to September 2014.

There were numerous events that increased the demand for services such as Black Hills Showcase, Portfolio Art Show, Vintiques Rod Run and Car Show, Quilt Show, Homesteader Day Celebration, Foothills Bud Light Bull Bash, Kuchen Festival, Beef n Fun Days, Fire and Rescue and Annual Car Show, North Country Fiber Fair, Schmeckfest, Menno Pioneer Power Show, Celtic Faire and Games, Women’s Expo, National Pedal Pull, Great Pumpkin Festival and Buffalo Wallow Chili Cookoff.

The leisure and hospitality industry showed the largest private loss with a 5,400 worker (or 10.6 percent) decrease. This large loss is not uncommon for this time frame as schools are now back in session. Retail trade had a decrease in workers by 2,300 (4.4 percent). Professional and business services also had a loss of 1,300 workers (4.1 percent). Government had a large over-the-month gain of 4,300 workers (5.8 percent). This large growth is due to employment starting back for school.

Over-the-year comparisons

Based on a monthly survey of South Dakota establishments, preliminary estimates show total nonfarm wage and salaried workers increased by 2,000 (or 0.5 percent) from September 2013 to September 2014.

Professional and business services had an over-the-year increase of 600 workers (2.0 percent). The September 2014 level was 30,300 compared to 29,700 in September 2013. During the time frame of January 2003 to December 2013, the industry has overall continued to trend upwards.

Wholesale trade showed worker gains over-the-year with an added 1,400 workers (7.1 percent). The September 2013 level was 19,700 compared to 21,100 in September 2014. The wholesale trade industry has been steadily trending upward since 2008.

Manufacturing produced a gain of 1,300 workers (3.1 percent) over-the-year from 41,500 in September 2013 to 42,800 in September 2014. South Dakota manufacturing has performed uniquely, as the industry produced worker growth from the beginning of 2004 all the way through November 2008, while national manufacturing has not shown growth since 1998. South Dakota showed its first over-the-year loss in August 2008 as the national recession became more pronounced and the world recession continued. South Dakota has shown a steady increase in manufacturing from the recession.

Leisure and hospitality had a worker loss of 1,600 workers over the year (3.4 percent) to a level of 45,400 in September 2014. The September 2013 worker level was 47,000. This sector fluctuates due to seasonality and events during the year. During the years of 2003-2013, the industry shows very consistently of peak and low yearly patterns. Retail trade had a decrease of 1,200 workers (2.3 percent) over the year, which is not uncommon for this time period.

Find nonfarm worker data for areas within South Dakota.

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See more information on the Current Employment Statistics (CES) Program, including definitions.


Marcia Hultman, Secretary
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184