Rapid City Metro Area Profile - Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
About the Rapid City Metro Area
In order to qualify as a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), an area must have at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties. The Rapid City MSA consists of Pennington and Meade counties.
The following tables compare the area's total employment, new hires and average wages by age and gender for the first quarters of 2012 and 2013.
Total Employment: The estimate of the total number of jobs on the first day of the reference quarter. Each job a person has is included; therefore multiple jobholders are counted more than once.
In the first quarter of 2013, jobs totaled 55,969 for the Rapid City MSA, a 0.2 percent increase (121 jobs gained) over the year. The Health Care and Social Assistance sector gained the most jobs (242), followed by the Manufacturing sector (154). The Construction sector lost the most jobs (424) and had the second highest percentage loss (-9.8 percent) when compared to the same quarter in 2012. The Arts, Entertainment and Recreation sector had the greatest percentage leap with the addition of 57 jobs (7.9 percent rise), but jobs in this sector made up only 1.4 percent of total employment numbers for the first quarter of 2013. With a loss of 8 jobs, the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector experienced the greatest percentage loss (17.4 percent), but this sector only made up 0.1 percent of the jobs in the Rapid City MSA.
Employment by Age
While comprising the smallest portion of the workers in the Rapid City MSA, the 14- to 18-year-olds had the greatest percentage increase in employment levels at 6 percent over the year. More than 70 percent work in either the Accommodation and Food Services sector (46.4 percent) or the Retail Trade sector (25.8 percent). The Retail Trade sector's job count increased by 72, by far the greatest numerical growth.
Tied with decreases of 4 percent, those 22 to 24 and 45 to 54 experienced the greatest and only job losses. The job count dropped by 500 in the 45- to 54-year-old group, with Construction, Accommodation and Food Services and Educational Services losing the greatest numbers of jobs. The greatest percentage loss was in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector, but this sector only made up 0.1 percent of the total jobs in the Rapid City MSA in the first quarter of 2013. Of sectors that made up at least 5 percent or more of the area's total jobs, the Construction sector had the greatest percentage loss at 12.1 percent.
Pulling from a smaller pool or workers than the 45- to 54-year-olds, the 22 to 24 age group experienced a drop of 139 jobs. The greatest percentage loss in a sector that made up more than 5 percent of the industrial mix for this age group also occurred in the Construction sector (down 11.7 percent) followed closely by the Health Care and Social Assistance sector, which had the greatest numerical losses (down 66 jobs, or 10.9 percent).
Employment by Gender and Age
In the Rapid City MSA, the workforce was 52 percent female and 48 percent male for the first quarter of 2013.
About two-thirds of the Rapid City MSA's female workforce worked in Health Care and Social Assistance, Retail Trade, Accommodation and Food Services or Educational Services. The Health Care and Social Assistance sector employed more than 28 percent of female workers.
Women ages 45 to 54 years had the greatest decline with a 4.3 percent loss. The greatest increase was 4.2 percent for those 14 to 18 years.
About half of the Rapid City MSA's male workforce worked in Retail Trade, Construction, Accommodation and Food Services or Health Care and Social Assistance. The Retail Trade sector employed more than 17 percent of male workers.
Males in the 22 to 24 age group had the greatest overall decline at 4 percent. Employment levels for males 14 to 18 years increased by 8.4 percent, the greatest increase over the year.
New Hires: The estimated number of workers who started a new job. More specifically, total hires who worked for an employer in the specified quarter and were not employed by that employer in any of the previous four quarters. New hire activity is heavily affected by seasonality and economic influences.
In the Rapid City MSA, total new hires increased 1.6 percent from 2012 to 2013 (first quarters). The Finance and Insurance sector gained the most new hires (193), followed by Accommodation and Food Services (116); total new hires in the Retail Trade sector declined the most (down 119) when compared to the first quarter of 2012.
New Hires by Age
The 25 to 34 year age group made up more than 25 percent of the new hires in the first quarter of 2013. The group ranked third as far as greatest percentage growth over the year (4.8 percent). With an 11.9 percent gain over the year, the next youngest group (22- to 24-year-olds) group edged out the 65- to 99-year-olds by 1 percent for the top spot in growth.
New hire levels fell in five age groups; the greatest decline occurred in the 55 to 64 age group (5 percent decrease).
New Hires by Gender and Age
In the Rapid City MSA, the new hires for the first quarter of 2013 were 49 percent female and 51 percent male.
More than 30 percent of female new hires were employed in the Accommodations and Food Services sector; more than 60 percent of the Rapid City MSA's female new hires were employed in Accommodations and Food Services, Health Care and Social Assistance or Retail Trade.
The greatest percent increase in new hires for females was in the 22 to 24 year group at 8.5 percent. New hires fell by 7.3 percent in the 55 to 64 year group, the most for either gender.
The Accommodations and Food Services sector also employed the most male new hires at almost 26 percent; more than half of the Rapid City MSA's male new hires worked in Accommodations and Food Services, Construction or Retail Trade.
At 19.5 percent, the eldest group (65 to 99 years) had the highest percentage increase in new hire levels for either gender, followed 22- to 24-year-olds with a 15.7 percent increase. With a 6.3 percent drop, 14- to 18-year-olds' new hire percentage levels declined the most among males.
Average monthly earnings: The average monthly earnings of employees with stable jobs (worked at the same firm for the entire quarter). Earnings measures are a mix of full-time and part-time jobs (not adjusted for hours).
In the Rapid City MSA, earnings rose 2.4 percent from 2012 to 2013 (first quarters).
Earnings by Age
The 45 to 54 and 55 to 64 age groups' average wages topped $3,500 for the first quarter of 2013 while the newest workforce members (14- to 18-year-olds) earned an average wage of approximately $500. The 45- to 54-year-olds' wages increased by 4.7 percent over the year, the greatest percentage increase among the age groups. The youngest age group was the only one whose average earnings decreased, but the decline equaled less than half a percentage point.
Earnings by Gender and Age
Overall, women's average monthly earnings increased by 2.1 percent. Earnings for the two oldest age groups declined, each by less than 1 percent. Earnings for women 45 to 54 years old increased the most at 4.5 percent.
Overall, men's average monthly earnings increased 2.5 percent. With a 4.2 percent drop, males 14 to 18 years experienced the greatest loss in earnings. The 45- to 54-year-olds matched their female counterparts with a 4.5 percent earnings increase to tie for the top spot.
Rapid City MSA On The Map
The following graphics provide labor shed data (where people in the area live and work) for the Rapid City MSA. At the beginning of the second quarter in 2011 (the most current data available), 87.2 percent of people who lived in the Rapid City MSA had a primary job in the MSA. The other 12.8 percent lived in the MSA, but worked outside the area. Of those employed in the area, 18.9 percent commute from outside the MSA. A primary job is the highest paying job for an individual worker. Primary jobs are public- and private-sector jobs, one job per worker.
About the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Data
The LED partnership is the cornerstone of a program designed to develop new information about local labor markets. This partnership between state labor market information agencies and the Census Bureau supplies new measures known as Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). The LED data compiled throughout this report by the U.S. Census Bureau is not reflective of labor market reports from other Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) programs.
Note: Federal government employment is not generally included in the QWI data. Exempted employment varies slightly from state to state due to variations in state unemployment laws, but generally also excludes many farmers and agricultural employees, domestic workers, self-employed non-agricultural workers, members of the Armed Services, some state and local government employees as well as certain types of nonprofit employers and religious organizations (which are given a choice of coverage or non-coverage in a number of states).
How is confidentiality addressed in the data?
The Census Bureau and the state partners are committed to protecting the confidentiality of the data in the LED files. Technically, the approach to avoid disclosure of individual information combines cell suppression methodology with the addition of statistical noise, controlling key measures to county employment levels as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
You can easily access the LED data tools on the U.S. Census Bureau's website. The Labor Market Information Center's economic analysts are familiar with the tools and are available to assist you. Please contact us as needed for assistance.