Marcia Hultman

Cabinet Secretary

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Labor Market Information Center

2016 Annual Summary

Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages

Trade, Transportation and Utilities Supersector

The Trade, Transportation and Utilities supersector is comprised of the wholesale trade sector, the retail trade sector, the transportation and warehousing sector, and the utilities sector. Businesses within this supersector sell or arrange the sale of goods and supplies and retail merchandise to the public, provide transportation of passengers or cargo or generate and/or distribute electricity, gas or water.

South Dakota Covered Workers and Pay
Supersector, Sector and Subsector Number of Establishments Average Number of Workers Annual Pay
Trade, Transportation and Utilities 8,373 87,393 $37,535
  Wholesale Trade 2,711 21,174 $57,052
   Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 1014 9,433 $59,109
   Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 1053 10,274 $51,355
   Electronic Markets and Agents and Broker 644 1,466 $83,779
  Retail Trade 4,050 53,771 $27,337
   Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers 571 7,774 $46,221
   Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores 181 1,441 $32,811
   Electronics and Appliance Stores 185 1,605 $41,965
   Building Material and Garden Supply Store 411 5,604 $31,733
   Food and Beverage Stores 347 9,584 $19,236
   Health and Personal Care Stores 256 1,895 $32,338
  Gasoline Stations 631 6,749 $19,924
   Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores 375 2,707 $16,896
   Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book and Music Stores 207 2,386 $20,774
   General Merchandise Stores 196 9,994 $22,260
   Miscellaneous Store Retailers 489 2,740 $22,889
   Nonstore Retailers 201 1,292 $44,546
  Transportation and Warehousing 1,440 10,429 $42,593
   Air Transportation 29 260 $40,771
   Truck Transportation 1021 5,428 $47,512
   Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation 101 1,288 $20,340
   Pipeline Transportation 11 83 $93,517
   Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation 14 93 $22,262
   Support Activities for Transportation 146 984 $47,803
   Postal Service 13 32 $19,681
   Couriers and Messengers 71 1,529 $41,200
   Warehousing and Storage 34 732 $39,629
  Utilities 172 2,019 $78,338
   Utilities 172 2,019 $78,338
Totals may not add due to rounding.
Data subject to revision.
Produced by the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Wholesale Trade

NAICS Sector 42

The Wholesale Trade sector consists of establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise and rendering services incidental to merchandise sales. The wholesaling process is an intermediate step in product distribution. Wholesalers sell or arrange the sale of goods for resale, capital or durable non-consumer goods, and raw and intermediate materials and supplies used in production.

For the sixth straight year, overall worker levels, establishments and average annual pay in the sector rose. In 2016, the sector added 14 establishments, employment expanded by 0.3 percent (55 additional workers) and annual pay grew by 1.4 percent ($778).

Three subsectors form Wholesale Trade sector:

  • Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods (NAICS 423)
  • Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (NAICS 424)
  • Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers (NAICS 425)

The Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods subsector rang up its tenth consecutive year of growth in all three categories with the addition of nine establishments, 145 workers (up 1.6 percent) and an increase in annual pay of 0.8 percent ($484). Businesses wholesale new or used items that have a normal life expectancy of three years or more. Items include motor vehicles, furniture, sporting goods, jewelry, equipment, toys and construction materials.

The Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods subsector added 28 establishments and 35 workers (a 0.3 percent increase) in 2016. Annual pay rose 2.4 percent (up $1,193). Businesses wholesale nondurable goods, which generally have a life expectancy of less than three years. Items include paper and paper products, chemicals, drugs, petroleum, food, apparel and newspapers.

The Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers subsector’s establishment numbers fell for the fourth straight year. With the exception of an upturn in 2012, this subsector’s establishment numbers have been declining since 2007. The most recent loss of 23 establishments in 2016 leaves the sector with 644 establishments, its lowest level in more than 10 years. The subsector also lost 126 workers (a 7.9 percent decrease). Despite the slides in establishment and worker levels, annual pay increased by 2.3 percent ($1,918). Brokers and agents in this subsector act on behalf of buyers or sellers in the wholesale distribution of durable or nondurable goods. Workers arrange for the sale of goods owned by others, generally on a fee or commission basis, which may make annual pay unpredictable.

Retail Trade

NAICS Sectors 44-45

IIn 2016, the Retail Trade sector rang up an additional 864 workers, but had 27 fewer establishments. Average annual pay rose by 1.2 percent to $27,337. Among the sectors, Retail Trade ranked second in the number of privately owned establishments (4,050) and second in employment levels (53,771 workers).

Establishment numbers, worker levels and annual pay rose for four subsectors:

  • Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers (NAICS 441)
  • Building Material and Garden Supply Stores (NAICS 444)
  • Gasoline Stations (NAICS 447)
  • Sporting Goods, Hobby, Musical Instrument and Book Stores (NAICS 451)

Motor and Vehicle Parts Dealers added four establishments, 88 workers (a 1.1 percent increase) and pay increased by $345 (0.8 percent). Industries in this subsector include dealerships for new and used cars, boats, motorcycles and recreational vehicles as well as automotive parts and tire stores.

Building Material and Garden Supply Stores grew by five establishments, added 71 employees (1.3 percent), and received a $27 bump in annual average pay (a 0.1 percent increase). Establishments include hardware stores, home centers, garden and farm supply stores, nurseries and paint stores.

A gain of 181 employees, the most for any subsectors with increases in all three categories, helped fuel Gasoline Stations’ growth. It surpassed all other Retail Trade subsectors in establishment gains with the addition of 10 establishments. Annual pay rose by $609 (a 3.2 percent increase). Industries in this subsector sell automotive fuels and automotive oils. They may sell these products along with convenience store items.

Sports, Hobby, Music Instrument and Book Stores added two establishments, 10 employees (0.4 percent) and $756 increase in pay (3.8 percent). Establishments include sporting goods, toy, sewing, hobby and bookstores, as well as newsstands.

The remaining Retail Trade subsectors were mixed bags of gains and losses in establishment levels, worker levels and annual pay. None of the subsectors experienced losses in all three areas.

In addition to the subsectors listed above, three others had gains in worker levels and two had gains in establishment levels. Annual pay rose in all but one subsector.

General Merchandise Stores (NAICS 452) and Food and Beverage Stores (NAICS 445), claimed the top two spots in worker growth, each gaining more than 300 employees (3.2 percent and 3.3 percent increases, respectively). Establishment levels fell by 12 for General Merchandise Stores and by four for Food and Beverage Stores. Annual pay increased by about one percent for each of the subsectors. Both of these subsectors usually sell items from a fixed-point-of-sale location. General Merchandise Stores include department stores, warehouse clubs and supercenters, dollar stores and discount department stores. Food and Beverage Stores include grocery stores, specialty food stores and beer, wine and liquor stores.

Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores (NAICS 448) added 69 employees (a 2.6 percent gain). Establishment levels also rose by four, but annual pay dropped by 0.4 percent ($61 decline). Clothing, shoe, jewelry, luggage and leather goods stores fall within this subsector.

Miscellaneous Store Retailers (NAICS 453) rounded out the subsectors with establishment increases with the addition of three establishments over the year. Worker levels fell by 62 (a 2.2 percent decline), while annual pay inched up $68. Retailers in this subsector include stores with unique characteristics, like florists, used merchandise stores, pet and pet supply stores, art dealers and office supply stores.

Nonstore Retailers (NAICS 454) lost 58 workers (a 4.3 percent decline) and establishments remained unchanged at 201. Annual pay increased by $1,733, the second biggest numerical increase among subsectors. It once again kept its spot as the second-highest paying Retail Trade subsector, behind only Motor and Vehicle Parts Dealers. Nonstore Retailers sell merchandise through infomercials, direct-response advertising, catalogs, door-to-door sales and in-home demonstrations. Establishments include vending machine operations, home delivery sales, party plan sales, street vending (excluding food) and mail order houses.

Transportation and Warehousing

NAICS Sectors 48-49

The Transportation and Warehousing sector includes industries that provide passenger and cargo transportation, warehousing and storage for goods, scenic and sightseeing transportation, and support activities for transportation. It is common for a business in this sector to operate a network of facilities, workers and equipment over a widespread area.

Several subsectors make up the Transportation and Warehousing sector:

  • Each mode of passenger and cargo transportation (i.e. air, rail, water, road and pipeline)
  • Warehousing and storage
  • Establishments providing support activities for transportation
  • Establishments providing passenger transportation for scenic and sightseeing purposes
  • Postal services and courier services

After five years of growth, employment levels in Transportation and Warehousing sector reversed course and dropped by 1.0 percent, down 102 workers from 2015 to 2016. Establishments increased for the second year in a row with the addition of 70 establishments, the second-highest establishment percentage growth among the sectors (a 5.1 percent rise). Average annual pay rose by 2.9 percent (up $1,189 to $42,593).

A majority of the establishment increases occurred in the sector’s largest subsector, Truck Transportation (NAICS 484), which contained more than two-thirds of all the establishments in the sector. This subsector had a big numerical haul with the addition of 52 establishments. The subsector still employed more than half the workers in the sector despite the loss of 206 workers over the year (a 3.7 percent decline). Annual pay increased by $2,163 (4.8 percent). The subsector provides over-the-road cargo transportation, including general and specialized freight transport.

Support Activities for Transportation (NAICS 488), the only other subsector to fluctuate by more than three establishments, added 10 establishments and 92 workers (10.3 percent employment growth). Annual pay increased by 2.2 percent (up $1,042). Establishments provide services including air traffic control, motor vehicle towing and freight transportation arrangement.

The Couriers and Messengers subsector (NAICS 492) delivered an additional 74 workers (a 5.1 percent increase) and three establishments in 2016. Annual pay decreased by 3.0 percent (a cut of $1,280). Couriers and Messengers provide intercity and/or local delivery of parcels and documents without operating under a universal service obligation. This includes express delivery services. The restriction to small parcels partly distinguishes these establishments from those in the transportation industries. Messengers, who usually deliver within a metropolitan or single urban area, may use bicycle, foot, small truck or van.

The Warehousing and Storage subsector (NAICS 493), had 55 fewer workers in its supply in 2016 (a 7.0 percent decline). Establishments decreased by one and annual pay dropped by $115 (a 0.3 decline). Industries in the Warehousing and Storage subsector operate warehouses and storage facilities for general merchandise, refrigerated goods and other warehouse products. These establishments take responsibility for storing the goods and keeping them secure, but they do not sell the goods. They may also provide logistics services related to the goods distribution.


NAICS Sector 22

The Utilities sector (NAICS 22) consists of establishments engaged in the following utility services: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply and sewage removal. The Utilities sector lost three establishments, but added 23 workers (1.2 percent) from 2015 to 2016. The annual pay for 2016 was $78,338, an increase of $2,080 (2.7 percent) compared to 2015.

Although this sector has the second smallest employment level, it is one of the highest-paying sectors in South Dakota, ranking second in annual pay among the all the sectors. The Utilities industry has remained fairly stable in the employment levels over the years. Higher than average annual salaries and low turnover in the utilities industry contributed to that stability.

Businesses within this sector provide specific activities and vary by type of utility. Electric power includes generation, transmission and distribution; natural gas includes distribution; steam supply includes provision and/or distribution; water supply includes treatment and distribution; and sewage removal includes collection, treatment and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities.

Electric Power Distribution systems were responsible for worker levels increasing throughout 2016. This may involve the operation of electric power distribution systems consisting of lines, poles, meters and wiring or operating as electric power brokers or agents arranging for the sale of electricity via power distribution systems operated by others. There were some establishments predominantly operating water supply systems or water treatment plants that added workers. The water supply system could comprise pumping stations and aqueducts and the water can be used for drinking, irrigation or other uses.

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