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Labor Market Information Center
2015 Annual Summary
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages
Education and Health Services Supersector
The Education and Health Services supersector is comprised of the education services sector and the health services and social assistance sector. Businesses within this supersector provide instruction and training or provide health care and social assistance to individuals.
|South Dakota Covered Workers and Pay
|Supersector, Sector and Subsector||Number of Establishments||Average Number of Workers||Annual Pay|
|Education and Health Services||2,848||63,950||$46,835|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||2,509||60,114||$47,901|
|Ambulatory Health Care Services||1,390||15,715||$74,353|
|Nursing and Residential Care Facilities||377||12,764||$25,918|
|Totals may not add due to rounding.
Data subject to revision.
Produced by the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
NAICS Sector 61
The number of workers within the Educational Services sector increased throughout 2015, expanding by 142 workers (3.8 percent). All categories except one in this sector had employment growth. The 2015 average number of workers within Educational Services settled at 3,837. While worker numbers increased steadily, average annual pay increased slightly, up $81 (0.3 percent), to a 2015 annual average of $30,124.
The Educational Services sector includes establishments that provide instruction and training in a wide mixture of subjects. This instruction and training is provided by specialized establishments, such as schools, colleges, universities and training centers. These establishments may be privately owned and operated for profit or not for profit, or they may be publicly owned and operated. They may also offer food and accommodation services to their students.
Educational Services are usually provided by teachers or instructors who explain, demonstrate, supervise and direct learning. Instruction is conveyed in diverse settings, such as educational institutions, the workplace or the home through correspondence, television, the internet or other electronic and distance-learning methods. All industries in the sector share this cohesion of process, namely labor inputs of instructors with the requisite subject matter expertise and teaching ability.
The Educational Services sector has one subsector, which is also titled Educational Services (NAICS 611). The level and structure of training can vary depending on its purpose. For instance, it can be formal, such as that provided by secondary schools, colleges, universities and professional schools. These institutions correspond to a recognized series of formal levels of education designated by diplomas, associate and bachelor’s degrees, and higher degrees. Less formal venues include seminars, sport camps or a specific computer software package. Establishments offering this type of training may grant certificates or licenses. Establishments that manage schools and other educational establishments on a contractual basis are classified in this subsector if they both manage the operation and provide the operating staff. Such establishments are classified based on the type of facility managed and operated.
The growth in worker numbers was generally positive. Worker growth resulted from the continuing emphasis on improving and increasing the education of our population in general, as well of those currently employed but in need of improving their skills. Private colleges, universities and professional schools were responsible for more than half of the growth in worker levels. The other schools and instruction industry group, which includes sports and recreation instruction, standardized examination preparation services and miscellaneous schools instruction, also experienced growth in the number of workers. The training provided by these establishments may include the use of simulators and simulation methods. Educational support services also accounted for positive worker growth in 2015 as guidance and test development and evaluation services expanded due to population growth in some areas.
Junior and community colleges offering a wide variety of academic and technical training experienced decreases in worker levels in 2015.
Educational Services is widely considered a counter-cyclical sector. Typically, when the economy is doing poorly and unemployment is rising, more working adults, as their career prospects start to dim, decide to upgrade their education. This leads to higher enrollment and increased profit at schools. Please note that traditional undergraduate education for young students is generally non-cyclical. Culinary arts schools, however, can be labeled as moderately cyclical. Also, certain types of educational institutions do perform largely in sync with the broader economy. For example, providers of information technology instruction benefit during good economic times, when companies are likely to boost related investment.
Education is important, as the amount and type of education individuals receive is shown to have a major influence on both the types of jobs obtained and corresponding earnings. Lifelong learning is important in acquiring new knowledge and upgrading skills, particularly in this age of rapid technological and economic changes. The Educational Services sector includes a variety of institutions that offer academic education, career and technical instruction, and other education and training to millions of students each year.
Health Care and Social Assistance
NAICS Sector 62
Employment and annual pay in the Health Care and Social Assistance sector continued to climb in 2015 as it has in previous years. The Health Care and Social Assistance sector is made up of the following subsectors:
- Ambulatory Health Care Services (NAICS 621)
- Hospitals (NAICS 622)
- Nursing and Residential Care Facilities (NAICS 623)
- Social Assistance (NAICS 624)
This sector added 693 workers, increasing from 59,421 in 2014 to 60,114 in 2015 (1.2 percent). There are 56 more establishments than there were in 2014, for a total of 2,509 in 2015. Annual pay increased by $1,909 (4.2 percent) compared to the previous year, increasing to $47,901 in 2015.
The Ambulatory Health Care Services subsector worker level increased by 2.3 percent, which translated into 356 more workers than the previous year and a total 2015 worker level of 15,715. Establishments increased by 27, making the total number of establishments 1,390 in 2015. In 2015, the annual pay for workers in this subsector increased by $1,683 (2.3 percent) to $74,353. In addition to new establishments opening, medical offices and clinics with diverse specialties expanded and added workers.
The Hospitals subsector added 198 workers, increasing from 23,550 in 2014 to 23,748 in 2015. From 2014 to 2015 there were 12 establishments added for a total of 71. Employees in this subsector earned an average of $50,670 in 2015, which is $2,408 (5.0 percent) more than they did in 2014. Almost all of the growth is attributed to general medical and surgical hospitals which provide diagnostic and medical treatments for a wide variety of medical conditions.
Establishments in the Nursing and Residential Care Facilities subsector had a loss of 140 workers in 2015. In 2014, workers in this subsector earned $24,810 annually, and in 2015 annual wages were $25,918 (a 4.5 percent increase). The expertise provided within the subsector includes nursing care; residential care for those with intellectual and developmental disabilities, mental illness or substance abuse problems; continuing care in retirement and assisted living communities; and residential care in other facilities such as orphanages and group homes.
The Social Assistance subsector had the largest percentage increase in workers and annual pay of the four subsectors. This subsector includes a variety of establishments providing individual and family services, emergency and other relief services, vocational rehabilitation services, and child day care services. In 2015, there were 7,887 workers in this subsector, compared to 7,608 in 2014 (a 3.7 percent increase). The average annual wage for employees rose by 6.6 percent over the year, up $1,394 to $22,431 in 2015.
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