Marcia Hultman

Cabinet Secretary

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Labor Market Information Center

2015 Annual Summary

Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages

Trade, Transportation and Utilities Supersector

The Trade, Transportation and Utilities supersector is comprised of the wholesale trade sector, the retail trade sector, the transportation and warehousing sector, and the utilities sector. Businesses within this supersector sell or arrange the sale of goods and supplies and retail merchandise to the public, provide transportation of passengers or cargo or generate and/or distribute electricity, gas or water.

South Dakota Covered Workers and Pay
Supersector, Sector and Subsector Number of Establishments Average Number of Workers Annual Pay
Trade, Transportation and Utilities 8,319 86,554 $37,043
  Wholesale Trade 2,697 21,119 $56,275
   Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 1,005 9,289 $58,621
   Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 1,025 10,239 $50,162
   Electronic Markets and Agents and Broker 667 1,592 $81,861
  Retail Trade 4,077 52,908 $27,018
   Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers 567 7,686 $45,876
   Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores 187 1,454 $32,552
   Electronics and Appliance Stores 204 1,623 $39,360
   Building Material and Garden Supply Store 406 5,533 $31,706
   Food and Beverage Stores 351 9,282 $19,056
   Health and Personal Care Stores 270 1,910 $30,911
  Gasoline Stations 621 6,568 $19,315
   Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores 371 2,638 $16,957
   Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book and Music Stores 205 2,376 $20,018
   General Merchandise Stores 208 9,685 $22,036
   Miscellaneous Store Retailers 486 2,802 $22,821
   Nonstore Retailers 201 1,350 $42,813
  Transportation and Warehousing 1,370 10,531 $41,404
   Air Transportation 28 262 $37,694
   Truck Transportation 969 5,634 $45,349
   Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation 100 1,291 $19,650
   Pipeline Transportation 9 77 $100,019
   Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation 13 106 $21,329
   Support Activities for Transportation 136 892 $46,761
   Postal Service 12 26 $20,310
   Couriers and Messengers 68 1,455 $42,480
   Warehousing and Storage 35 787 $39,744
  Utilities 175 1,996 $76,258
   Utilities 175 1,996 $76,258
Totals may not add due to rounding.
Data subject to revision.
Produced by the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.


Wholesale Trade

NAICS Sector 42

The Wholesale Trade sector consists of establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise and rendering services incidental to merchandise sales. The wholesaling process is an intermediate step in product distribution. Wholesalers sell or arrange the sale of goods for resale, capital or durable non-consumer goods, and raw and intermediate materials and supplies used in production.

For the fifth straight year, overall worker levels, establishments and average annual pay in the sector rose. In 2015, the sector added 53 establishments, employment expanded by 1.6 percent (324 additional workers) and annual pay grew by 2.3 percent ($1,254).

Three subsectors form Wholesale Trade sector:

  • Merchant Wholesale, Durable Goods (NAICS 423)
  • Merchant Wholesale, Nondurable Goods (NAICS 424)
  • Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers (NAICS 425)

The Merchant Wholesale, Durable Goods subsector rang up its ninth consecutive year of growth in all three categories with the addition of 43 establishments, 80 workers (up 0.9 percent) and an increase in annual pay of 2.1 percent ($1,214). Businesses wholesale new or used items that have a normal life expectancy of three years or more. Items include motor vehicles, furniture, sporting goods, jewelry, equipment, toys, recyclable materials and construction materials.

The Merchant Wholesale, Nondurable Goods subsector added 34 establishments and 191 workers (a 1.9 percent increase) in 2015. Annual pay rose 2.5 percent ($1,211). Businesses wholesale nondurable goods, which generally have a life expectancy of less than three years. Items include paper and paper products, chemicals, drugs, petroleum, farm products, food, apparel and newspapers.

The Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers subsector’s establishment numbers fell for the third straight year. With the exception of an upturn in 2012, establishment numbers have been declining since 2007. Some of this decline can be attributed to establishments being reclassified under other subsectors. The most recent loss of 24 establishments in 2015 leaves the subsector with 667 establishments, its lowest level in more than 10 years. Despite the slide, this subsector added 54 workers (a 3.5 percent increase) and annual pay increased by 1.8 percent ($1,461). Brokers and agents in this subsector act on behalf of buyers or sellers in the wholesale distribution of durable or nondurable goods. Annual pay can be unpredictable because workers arrange for the sale of goods owned by others, generally on a fee or commission basis.


Retail Trade

NAICS Sectors 44-45

In 2015, the Retail Trade sector stocked its aisles with an additional 64 establishments and 1,056 employees. Annual pay increased by 3.2 percent to $27,018. Among the sectors, Retail Trade ranked first in the number of privately owned establishments (4,077) and second in employment levels (52,908 workers).

Establishment numbers, worker levels and annual pay rose for more than half of subsectors as well:

  • Electronics and Appliance Stores (NAICS 443)
  • Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores (NAICS 448)
  • Food and Beverage Stores (NAICS 445)
  • Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores (NAICS 442)
  • Gasoline Stations (NAICS 447)
  • Miscellaneous Store Retailers (NAICS 453)
  • Sporting Goods, Hobby, Musical Instrument and Book Stores (NAICS 451)

Of the subsectors that exhibited growth in all three areas, notable gains included the following:

The Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores subsector led the pack in establishment expansion. Along with the 28 new establishments, it added 71 workers (a 2.8 percent increase) and pay rose by $584 (3.6 percent). This subsector sells new clothing and clothing accessories merchandise from fixed point-of-sale locations. Stores include women’s, men’s and children’s stores, as well as jewelry, shoes, handbag, luggage and leather goods stores.

A gain of 259 employees, the most for any of the subsectors with increases in all three categories, helped fuel Gasoline Stations’ growth. Eight establishments were added (4.1 percent), and annual pay rose by $676 (3.6 percent). Establishments in this subsector sell automotive fuels and automotive oils. They may sell these products along with convenience store items. Automotive repair services may also be provided.

Food and Beverage Stores employment levels also rose by more than 200. The 201 additional workers equaled a 2.2 percent increase over the year. Establishments rose by one and pay by $899. Establishments include grocery stores, meat markets, convenience stores, and beer, wine and liquor stores.

Electronic and Appliance Stores had the greatest percentage and numerical increases in annual pay (10.1 percent, which equaled a $3,626 increase). Establishments increased by 10 and worker levels by 76 (4.9 percent increase). Establishments include camera shops, mobile phone stores, television stores, computer stores, household appliance stores and vacuum cleaner stores. These stores employ knowledgeable sales people who are familiar with the characteristics and warranties on the goods they sell.

Of the subsectors with a decline or no movement in at least one of the three areas, notable changes included following:

For the past several years establishment levels for the Motor Vehicles and Parts Dealers subsector (NAICS 441) have been relatively idle; however, this year establishment levels slid by 18. Despite this slide, the subsector put the pedal to the metal regarding worker level gains. The addition of 293 workers was the biggest numerical increase in the sector and third highest percentage increase (4.0 percent). Annual pay rose by 1.4 percent ($637) to reach $45,876, which is the highest annual pay among the subsectors in Retail Trade. Establishments in this subsector include dealerships for new and used cars, boats, motorcycles and recreational vehicles as well as automotive parts and tire stores.

Only two subsectors had fewer workers compared to 2014. General Merchandise Stores (NAICS 452) lost 34 workers (a 0.3 percent loss), but establishments increased by 16 and pay rose by $529. Establishments in this subsector sell a variety of new general merchandise from a fixed-point-of-sale location. Stores include department stores, warehouse clubs and supercenters, dollar stores and discount department stores.

Health and Personal Care Stores (NAICS 446) had net losses of one establishment and 69 workers (a 3.5 percent decline). Pay increased by 1.9 percent ($585). Pharmacies, drug stores, beauty supply stores, food (health) supplement stores and convalescent supply stores represent some of the retailers in this subsector.

Average annual pay rose for all subsectors except Nonstore Retailers (NAICS 454). This subsector’s pay fell by 3.1 percent (a loss of $1,355 over the year), but still kept its spot as the second-highest paying subsector at $42,813. Nonstore Retailers sell merchandise through infomercials, direct-response advertising, catalogs, door-to-door sales and in-home demonstrations. Establishments include vending machine operations, home delivery sales, party plan sales, street vending (excluding food), electronic shopping and mail order houses.


Transportation and Warehousing

NAICS Sectors 48-49

The Transportation and Warehousing sector includes establishments that provide passenger and cargo transportation, warehousing and storage for goods, scenic and sightseeing transportation, and support activities for transportation. It is common for a business in this sector to operate a network of facilities, with workers and equipment dispersed over a widespread area.

Several subsectors make up the Transportation and Warehousing sector:

  • Modes of passenger and cargo transportation (i.e. air, rail, water, road and pipeline)
  • Warehousing and storage
  • Establishments providing support activities for transportation
  • Establishments providing passenger transportation for scenic and sightseeing purposes
  • Postal services and courier services

Establishments, worker levels and annual pay all increased in the Transportation and Warehousing sector over the year. After a loss of 11 establishments in 2014, the sector turned around and headed in an upward direction with the addition of 42 establishments in 2015. Employment and pay continued their climbs from previous years. Employment increased by 2.6 percent (271 additional workers) and average annual pay rose by 3.1 percent (up $1,226 to $41,404).

Establishment numbers did not vary much over the year in the majority of the subsectors. The main exception was the sector’s largest subsector, Truck Transportation (NAICS 484), which contains more than two-thirds of all the establishments and over half of the employees in the sector. This subsector had the biggest numerical hauls with the addition of 34 establishments and 118 workers (a 2.1 percent increase in employment). Annual pay increased by $569 (1.3 percent). The subsector provides over-the-road cargo transportation, including general and specialized freight transport providing local and long distance service.

Support Activities for Transportation (NAICS 488), the only other subsector to fluctuate by more than one or two establishments, added 5 establishments and 35 workers (4.1 percent employment growth). Annual pay increased by 6.9 percent (up $3,019). Establishments provide services including air traffic control, motor vehicle towing and freight transportation arrangement.

The biggest percentage and numerical increase in pay among the transportation and warehouse subsectors was in the Air Transportation subsector (NAICS 481). Pay soared by $6,015 (a 19.0 percent increase) to $37,694 in 2015. Establishments rose by one and worker levels increased by 16 (6.5 percent). Establishments in this subsector provide transportation from place to place for passengers and/or cargo via aircraft, such as airplanes and helicopters.

The Couriers and Messengers subsector (NAICS 492) delivered an additional 78 workers (a 5.7 percent increase) and two establishments in 2015. Annual pay increased by 1.3 percent (up $539). Couriers and Messengers provide intercity and/or local delivery of parcels and documents without operating under a universal service obligation. This includes express delivery services. The restriction to small parcels partly distinguishes these establishments from those in the transportation subsectors. Messengers, who usually deliver within a metropolitan or single urban area, may use bicycle, foot, small truck or van.



NAICS Sector 22

The Utilities sector (NAICS 22) only contains one subsector, Utilities (NAICS 221). Establishments provide electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply and sewage removal through a permanent infrastructure of lines, mains and pipes. The Utilities sector lost four establishments, but added 29 workers (1.5 percent) over the year. The annual pay for 2015 was $76,258, an increase of $1,574 (2.1 percent) compared to 2014. The Utilities sector was second highest in average annual pay among the major sectors in 2015.

Although Utilities ranked second to last among South Dakota’s 22 sectors in regards to the number of workers employed (1,996 in 2015), it ranked second from the top for annual pay. Healthy annual salaries and low turnover in the Utilities sector contributed to its continued stability. Most of the turnover in utilities is due to retirement.

Businesses within this sector provide specific activities and vary by type of utility. Electric power includes generation, transmission and distribution; natural gas includes distribution; steam supply includes provision and/or distribution; water supply includes treatment and distribution; and sewage removal includes collection, treatment and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities. Modest gains in employment occurred throughout the entire sector.


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