Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

Covered Workers & Annual Pay - 2011 Annual Summary

Trade, Transportation & Utilities Industry Group

The Trade, Transportation and Utilities industry group includes the Wholesale Trade industry, the Retail Trade industry, the Transportation and Warehousing industry, and the Utilities industry. Businesses within this industry group sell or arrange the sale of goods and supplies and retail merchandise to the public, provide transportation of passengers or cargo, or generate and/or distribute electricity, gas or water.

South Dakota Covered Workers and Pay
Trade, Transportation & Utilities Industry Group
Industry Group, Industry and Subsector
Number of Establishments Average Number of Workers Annual Pay
Trade, Transportation and Utilities 8,126 80,696 $32,388
  Wholesale Trade 2,530 18,976 $48,935
   Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 914 8,279 $52,203
   Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 923 9,197 $42,404
   Electronic Markets and Agents and Broker 693 1,500 $70,938
  Retail Trade 4,065 50,188 $23,713
   Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers 584 6,725 $40,513
   Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores 188 1,358 $27,591
   Electronics and Appliance Stores 217 1,702 $32,355
   Building Material and Garden Supply Store 413 4,891 $28,306
   Food and Beverage Stores 356 8,856 $16,831
   Health and Personal Care Stores 272 2,199 $28,713
  Gasoline Stations 630 5,779 $17,019
   Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores 338 2,486 $14,845
   Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book and Music Stores 206 2,053 $18,773
   General Merchandise Stores 183 9,983 $19,671
   Miscellaneous Store Retailers 502 2,848 $19,932
   Nonstore Retailers 176 1,308 $36,331
  Transportation and Warehousing 1,347 9,461 $37,640
   Air Transportation 30 216 $29,889
   Truck Transportation 941 5,073 $42,003
   Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation 97 1,241 $16,803
   Pipeline Transportation 8 67 $94,689
   Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation 11 82 $15,675
   Support Activities for Transportation 131 819 $40,631
   Postal Service 15 34 $16,615
   Couriers and Messengers 76 1,258 $38,951
   Warehousing and Storage 37 673 $37,516
  Utilities 184 2,071 $67,034
   Utilities 184 2,071 $67,034
Totals may not add due to rounding.
Data subject to revision.
Produced by the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Wholesale Trade
NAICS Sector 42

The Wholesale Trade sector comprises establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise. Three subsectors form the Wholesale Trade sector:

  • Merchant Wholesale, Durable Goods (NAICS 423)
  • Merchant Wholesale, Nondurable Goods (NAICS 424)
  • Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers (NAICS 425)

Overall, the Wholesale Trade industry experienced a three-pronged uptick in workers, establishments and average annual pay in 2011. By the end of 2010, the industry had regained more than two-thirds of the workers lost in 2009. In 2011, the industry recaptured the remaining third and then some. With an increase of 325 workers, employment expanded by 1.7 percent in 2011. Annual pay for the industry rose by 4.7 percent ($2,181). The number of establishments rose by 40, despite the Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers subsector's ongoing decline in establishments.

The Merchant Wholesale, Durable Goods subsector grew in establishments, workers and annual pay. Fifty-seven establishments were added. Annual pay rose by 5.2 percent ($2,580). A gain of 246 workers equaled a 3.1 percent increase. Businesses in this subsector sell capital or durable goods to other businesses. Durable goods are new or used items that have a normal life expectancy of three years or more. They include motor vehicles, furniture, sporting goods, jewelry, equipment, toys and construction materials.

After a slight decline in the number of establishments in 2010, the Merchant Wholesale, Nondurable Goods subsector bounced back in 2011 with an addition of 26 establishments. Workers decreased by five (0.1 percent), and annual pay increased by $1,898 (4.7 percent). Establishments in this industry sell nondurable goods to other businesses. Nondurable goods generally have a normal life expectancy of less than three years. They include paper and paper products, chemicals, drugs, petroleum, food, apparel and newspapers.

Employment numbers rose in the Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers subsector during 2011, but the number of establishments continued to fall. This subsector gained 83 workers (a 5.9 percent increase) but lost 43 establishments. Annual pay decreased by $93 (0.1 percent). Brokers and agents in this subsector act on behalf of buyers or sellers in the wholesale distribution of durable or nondurable goods. They arrange for the sale of goods owned by others, generally on a fee or commission basis; therefore, annual pay can be unpredictable.

Line graph comparing South Dakota covered worker levels in Construction in 2010 and 2011

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Retail Trade
NAICS Sectors 44-45

For the first time since 2008, the Retail Trade sector's overall numbers for establishments, workers and annual pay all improved in 2011. The number of retail establishments increased by 14, bringing the total to 4,065. The industry also gained 732 employees (1.5 percent increase). Annual pay once again increased in all retail subsectors, up 3.2 percent to $23,713.

Ranging from 0.1 to 4.8 percent growth, worker levels increased in nine of the 12 retail subsectors in 2011. Of the three whose numbers declined, only one, the Miscellaneous Store Retailers (NAICS 453) subsector, fell more than 1 percent. While the subsector's establishment numbers increased by one and average annual pay rose by $323 (1.6 percent), worker numbers fell by 35 (1.2 percent). Retailers in this subsector run businesses such as floral shops, used merchandise stores, pet and pet supply stores, office supply stores and retail art dealers.

The Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers (NAICS 441) subsector continued its post-recession turnaround with the addition of 307 workers. The 4.8 percent climb is the greatest worker percentage increase among the 12 retail subsectors in 2011. Average annual pay increased by $1,176 (3 percent). The number of establishments, however, declined by three. This subsector includes dealerships for new and used cars, boats, motorcycles and recreational vehicles, as well as automotive parts and tire stores.

A pair of subsectors grew in establishments, employees and average annual pay in 2011:

The Health and Personal Care Stores (NAICS 446) subsector continued on the growth path it has been on for several years. The subsector added 11 establishments, the most establishments added by a retail subsector. It also added 92 workers (a 4.4 percent increase). Annual pay increased by $972 (3.5 percent). Industries in the Health and Personal Care Stores subsector sell health and personal care merchandise from fixed point-of-sale retail locations. Pharmacies, drug stores, beauty supply stores, food (health) supplement stores and convalescent supply stores are some of the retailers in this subsector.

The Electronics and Appliance Stores (NAICS 443) subsector's average annual pay rose $1,616 (5.3 percent), which is the greatest increase for the retail subsectors. This sector, which sells new electronics and appliance merchandise from point-of-sale locations, added six establishments and 11 workers (0.7 percent).

A trio of subsectors held steady in establishments, but grew in employment and annual pay:

After being one of the hardest hit retail sectors in 2009, Furniture and Home Furnishing Stores (NAICS 442) showed glimmers of a possible recovery. The subsector added 42 workers (3.2 percent), the third highest percentage increase among the retail subsectors. Annual pay increased by $362 (1.3 percent). Many establishments in this sector have showrooms and large presentation areas. Retailers include furniture, office furniture, floor covering, window treatment and kitchenware stores.

Building Materials and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers (NAICS 444) increased employment by six and annual pay by $1,203 (4.4 percent), with the second highest percentage increase among the subsectors. Stores in this subsector retail new building material and garden equipment from fixed point-of-sale locations. They include home centers, hardware stores, paint stores, nurseries and garden centers.

General Merchandise Stores (NAICS 452) increased employment by 58 (0.6 percent) and pay by $321 (1.7 percent). These stores sell a large variety of goods from a single location. Businesses include department stores, warehouse clubs, supercenters and dollar stores.

Line graph comparing South Dakota covered worker levels in Retail Trade in 2010 and 2011

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Transportation and Warehousing
NAICS Sectors 48-49

On the whole, Transportation and Warehousing took positive strides in establishments, workers and pay in 2011. Establishments increased by 29. The number of employees increased by 75 (0.8 percent). Average annual pay rose 4 percent ($1,453).

The Transportation and Warehousing sector splits into several subsectors:

  • Each mode of transportation (i.e. air, rail, water, etc.)
  • Warehousing and storage
  • Support activities for transportation
  • Passenger transportation for scenic and sightseeing purposes
  • Postal services and courier services

After suffering the bulk of worker losses for the sector in 2010, the Truck Transportation subsector (NAICS 484) began a U-turn in 2011. This industry gained 45 workers (0.9 percent) and 11 establishments. Average annual pay increased by 4.7 percent ($1,896). Truck transportation, which provides over-the-road cargo transportation, includes both general and specialized freight transport. Each of these categories can also be split into local (which typically is a same-day return trip) and long distance.

The Support Activities for Transportation subsector (NAICS 488) also improved in all three categories. With an increase of 31 workers, the subsector led the way with the highest percentage worker growth among the subsectors (3.9 percent). Establishments increased by 16. Average annual pay rose by 3.9 percent ($1,538). Establishments provide services including air traffic control, motor vehicle towing and freight transportation arrangement.

On somewhat of a reverse course from the subsectors above, Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation (NAICS 485) declined in workers and annual pay during 2011. Establishment numbers rose by one. Worker levels fell by 22 (1.7 percent). Annual pay declined by 0.8 percent ($132), making it the only Transportation and Warehousing subsector to incur a loss in annual pay. Activities in this subsector include a variety of passenger transportation options, such as urban transit systems, chartered buses, school buses, shuttle services and taxis.

Line graph comparing South Dakota covered worker levels in Transportation and Warehousing in 2010 and 2011

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NAICS Sector 22

The Utilities sector is comprised of establishments engaged in the provision of the following utility services: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply and sewage removal. Within this sector, the specific activities associated with the utility services provided vary by utility. Electric power includes generation, transmission and distribution. Natural gas includes distribution, and steam supply includes provision and/or distribution. Water supply includes treatment and distribution. Sewage removal includes collection, treatment and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities.

Over the year the Utilities sector added three establishments for a total of 184 but lost 21 workers overall. The Utilities subsector has one subsector, also called utilities, but has three industry groups within the subsector. Approximately 52 percent of the losses occurred in the same industry group that showed the largest losses in workers in 2010: Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution (NAICS 2211). This industry group is comprised of establishments engaged in generation facilities producing electric energy, the operation of transmission systems that deliver electricity from the generation facility to the distribution system, and the operation of distribution systems that transfer electric power from the generation facility or the transmission system to the final consumer. The other two industry groups reporting losses were Natural Gas Distribution (NAICS 2212) and Water, Sewage and Other Systems (NAICS 2213).

The Utilities sector ranks second to last among South Dakota's major industries in the number of workers employed (2,071 workers in 2011, a loss of 21 workers from 2010). The majority of the workers in this sector (approximately 67 percent) are employed in the Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution subsector (NAICS 2211) which actually gained one establishment but lost 11 workers. The other two subsectors are Natural Gas Distribution (NAICS 2212), which remained constant in establishments but lost four employees, and Water, Sewage and Other Systems (NAICS 2213), which gained two establishments and lost six employees.

Historically, the Utilities industry has shown a very small percentage annual increase or no change in employment levels; it is a very stable industry. Higher than average annual salaries and low turnover in the utilities industry usually contribute to that stability. Most of the turnover in this industry is due to retirement. The 21 employee decrease for 2011 is back to normal numbers after the large decrease in 2010 of 270 caused by the completion of short term projects, such as replacing poles damaged by winter storms in 2009.

The Utilities industry ranks seventh ranking in largest annual pay increases in 2011 but still enjoyed one of the highest annual pay statistics in 2011. Annual pay increased by $2,165 (3.3 percent) to $67,034 for 2011. Utilities ranks second from the top for annual pay among all industries in 2011, beat out only by Management of Companies and Enterprises (Sector 55) at $88,051.

Line graph comparing South Dakota covered worker levels in Utilities in 2010 and 2011

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Marcia Hultman, Secretary
123 W. Missouri Ave.
Pierre, SD 57501-4505
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184