Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

Overview of statistical programs conducted in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Current Employment Statistics (CES) Program

The CES program (which produces nonfarm wage and salaried worker statistics) is an important economic measure of the number of jobs in nonfarm industries. As the title implies, agricultural industry workers are not included. In addition, nonfarm self-employed and unpaid workers are also excluded from the nonfarm wage and salaried worker counts. Nonfarm worker data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their places of work rather than at their places of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Establishments are classified in an industry on the basis of their principal products or activities in accordance with the most recent North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Manual.

The production of state and metropolitan Current Employment Statistics (CES) (the program which produces nonfarm wage and salaried worker statistics) transitioned from state workforce agencies to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) beginning with preliminary estimates for March 2011. Concurrent with this transition, the BLS implemented several methodological changes to standardize the estimation approach across states. While these changes will reduce the potential for statistical bias in state and metropolitan area estimates, they may increase the month-to-month variability of the estimates. For more detailed information on the changes to procedures for producing CES estimates, visit the BLS website.

Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) Program

The Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program produces monthly estimates of total employment and unemployment levels plus the unemployment rate for approximately 7,300 areas nationwide. The Labor Market Information Center oversees the program in South Dakota, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The LAUS program makes possible availablity of labor force data for various geographic areas in South Dakota, as available from a menu on the LMIC website. For more general information on the LAUS program, see frequently asked questions about LAUS on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics website. Or see technical notes on labor force data in South Dakota.

Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) Program

The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program collects reports on mass layoff actions that result in workers being separated from their jobs. Monthly mass layoff numbers are from establishments which have at least 50 initial claims for unemployment insurance (UI) filed against them during a 5-week period. Extended mass layoff numbers (issued quarterly) are from a subset of such establishments--where private sector nonfarm employers indicate that 50 or more workers were separated from their jobs for at least 31 days. The Labor Market Information Center oversees the program in South Dakota, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and publishes MLS data on this website. For more general information on the MLS program, see frequently asked questions about MLS on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics website.

Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Program

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations. These are estimates of the number of people employed in certain occupations, and estimates of the wages paid to them. Self-employed persons are not included in the estimates. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual States, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas; national occupational estimates for specific industries are also available. The Labor Market Information Center oversees the program in South Dakota, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The OES program makes possible the occupational wage data as available from a menu on the LMIC website. For more general information on the OES program, see frequently asked questions about OES on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics website. Or see technical notes on occupational wage estimates in South Dakota.

Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) Program

The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program publishes a quarterly count of employment and wages reported by employers covering 98 percent of U.S. jobs, available at the county, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), state and national levels by industry. The Labor Market Information Center oversees the program in South Dakota, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, using data on workers covered by South Dakota unemployment insurance as reported by employers. The QCEW program makes possible availablity of establishment, worker and pay data by industry for various geographic areas in South Dakota, as available from a menu on the LMIC website. For more general information on the QCEW program, see frequently asked questions about QCEW on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics website. Or see technical notes on covered workers and pay data in South Dakota.

Additional Resource

See a table comparing the BLS programs mentioned above on factors such as data collection methods, reference periods, coverage inclusions and exclusions, etc.

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Marcia Hultman, Secretary
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184