Marcia Hultman

Cabinet Secretary

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Postsecondary Graduate Outcomes System

Definitions

Definitions in order of appearance within the Graduate Outcomes system

Definitions in alphabetical order

Definitions in order of appearance within the Graduate Outcomes system

School Type: Users can select to view graduate outcomes data for either South Dakota's five public universities, or for South Dakota's four technical institutes.

Area of Study: Users can select a general category of postsecondary educational programs. The alphabetically listed categories are based on the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) taxonomy. (Please see explanation of the CIP taxonomy below.)

Major, CIP Code: Users can select a more specific grouping of postsecondary programs identifying areas of specialty within the area of study, again using the CIP taxonomy. (Please see explanation of the CIP taxonomy below.)

Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP): The Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) is a universal classification system provided by the U.S. Department of Education. Summary level CIP codes are displayed at the two-digit level. The CIP also includes more detailed classifications by four- and six-digit codes.

For example:

14) ENGINEERING
14.01) Engineering, General
14.0101) Engineering, General
14.0102) Pre-Engineering

The South Dakota program outcomes data are published at the six-digit CIP code level. Please note: the CIP codes used were provided by the postsecondary institutions, then assigned matching titles using the CIP taxonomy. The CIP codes provided for a specific program are sometimes inconsistent across the years for which the graduate data is available. If you cannot find data on a program consistently across the years of interest, we suggest checking the CIP codes and titles of related programs.

Graduation Year: Users can select the fiscal year (July through June) for which they want to view graduate outcomes data. (For example, data for graduate year "July 2012 - June 2013" is data for fiscal year 2013.)

Beginning Wage Year/Ending Wage Year: Using the Beginning Wage Year field, users can select the first year for which they would like to view graduate wage data; likewise, users can select the last year for which they would like to view graduate wage data using the Ending Wage Year field.

Graduates: Count of individuals who graduated in the given graduation year (July through June). Information is provided by the degrees awarded. (For example, a graduate with a double major who received two degrees is counted as a graduate for each major.) The number of graduates is not displayed if there were fewer than five graduates.

Wage Year: Year in which wages were earned, and on which the additional data elements (graduates earning wages in South Dakota, number of jobs held by graduates earning wages in South Dakota, average wage and median wage) are based.

Graduates Earning Wages in South Dakota: Number of graduates who were reported as wage earners by South Dakota employers to the South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation in quarterly reports to the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. The number of graduates earning wages in South Dakota is not displayed if it is fewer than five individuals.

Jobs Held by Graduates Earning Wages in South Dakota: Total number of jobs held by those graduates in the "Graduates Earning Wages in South Dakota" column. This number includes all jobs held by the graduates reported as wage earners by South Dakota employers to the South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation in quarterly reports to the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. (Graduates holding more than one job are counted for each job.)

Average Wage and Median Wage: Wage data is displayed for the calendar year following the graduation year (using July through June for the graduation year). The aggregate wage data includes a minimum of three quarters of actual wage data per graduate in a calendar year. This application does not include wages for the self-employed or for employment in businesses that are not covered by unemployment insurance in South Dakota. The wage data may include graduates who are reported as wage earners by more than one employer (graduates who hold more than one job). Additionally, graduates earning wages may be re-enrolled in school and employed less than full-time.)

Average Wage: Represents the arithmetic mean of the wage data collected for the number graduates earnings wages in South Dakota, calculated by dividing the total wages for graduates earning wages in South Dakota by the number of graduate wage earners, within a CIP code. The average wage is also referred to as the mean wage. The average wage may include the wages of graduates who are reported as wage earners by more than one employer (graduates who hold more than one job.) In this case, total wages for all jobs are divided by the number of graduates holding jobs.

Median Wage: Represents the 50th percentile wage, which indicates the point at which 50 percent of South Dakota graduate wage earners earn less than or equal to this amount; 50 percent earn more.

Employment of South Dakota Wage Earners by Industry: The industry distribution (in percentage terms) of South Dakota graduate wage earners. This information is also based on quarterly wage reports filed by South Dakota employers with the Unemployment Insurance program. An employer's three-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code is referenced to determine the industry in which graduate wage earners are employed in South Dakota. This information may include graduates who are reported as wage earners by more than one employer (graduates who hold more than one job).

Unfortunately, the identification of occupations employed within an industry is not possible, because occupational data currently is not collected by the UI program. However, staffing pattern information regarding what occupations are typically employed by industry are available by contacting the Labor Market Information Center (LMIC).

Referencing this information provides insight regarding the wide variety of occupations employed within an industry. For example, the manufacturing industry employs a wide variety of occupations, including machinists, managers, engineers, accountants, software developers, graphic designers, sales representatives and administrative support staff.

Therefore, industry is currently the best available indicator of alignment between a program of study and the types of business that employ graduates from that program. Industries are classified according to the North American Industry Classification (NAICS) system.

Definitions in alphabetical order

Area of Study: Users can select a general category of postsecondary educational programs. The alphabetically listed categories are based on the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) taxonomy. (Please see explanation of the CIP taxonomy below.)

Average Wage & Median Wage: Wage data is displayed for the calendar year following the graduation year (using July through June for the graduation year). The aggregate wage data includes a minimum of three quarters of actual wage data per graduate in a calendar year. This application does not include wages for the self-employed or for employment in businesses that are not covered by unemployment insurance in South Dakota. The wage data may include graduates who are reported as wage earners by more than one employer (graduates who hold more than one job).

Average Wage: Represents the arithmetic mean of the wage data collected for the number graduates earnings wages in South Dakota, calculated by dividing the total wages for graduates earning wages in South Dakota by the number of graduate wage earners, within a CIP code. The average wage is also referred to as the mean wage. The average wage may include the wages of graduates who are reported as wage earners by more than one employer (graduates who hold more than one job.) In this case, total wages for all jobs are divided by the number of graduates holding jobs.

Beginning Wage Year/Ending Wage Year: Using the Beginning Wage Year field, users can select the first year for which they would like to view graduate wage data; likewise, users can select the last year for which they would like to view graduate wage data using the Ending Wage Year field.

Employment of South Dakota Wage Earners by Industry: The industry distribution (in percentage terms) of South Dakota graduate wage earners. This information is also based on quarterly wage reports filed by South Dakota employers with the Unemployment Insurance program. An employer's three-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code is referenced to determine the industry in which graduate wage earners are employed in South Dakota. This information may include graduates who are reported as wage earners by more than one employer (graduates who hold more than one job).

Unfortunately, the identification of occupations employed within an industry is not possible, because occupational data currently is not collected by the UI program. However, staffing pattern information regarding what occupations are typically employed by industry are available upon request by contacting the Labor Market Information Center (LMIC)

Referencing this information provides insight regarding the wide variety of occupations employed within an industry. For example, the manufacturing industry employs a wide variety of occupations, including machinists, managers, engineers, accountants, software developers, graphic designers, sales representatives and administrative support staff.

Therefore, industry is currently the best available indicator of alignment between a program of study and the types of business that employ graduates from that program. Industries are classified according to the North American Industry Classification (NAICS) system.

Graduates: Count of individuals who graduated in the given graduation year (July through June). Information is provided by the degrees awarded. The number of graduates is not displayed if there were fewer than five graduates.

Graduates Earning Wages in South Dakota: Number of graduates who were reported as wage earners by South Dakota employers to the South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation in quarterly reports to the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. The number of graduates earning wages in South Dakota is not displayed if it is fewer than five individuals.

Graduation Year: Users can select the year (July through June) for which they want to view graduate outcomes data.

Jobs Held by Graduates Earning Wages in South Dakota: Total number of jobs held by those graduates in the "Graduates Earning Wages in South Dakota" column. This number includes all jobs held by the graduates reported as wage earners by South Dakota employers to the South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation in quarterly reports to the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. (Graduates holding more than one job are counted for each job.)

Major, CIP Code: Users can select a more specific grouping of postsecondary programs identifying areas of specialty within the area of study, again using the CIP taxonomy. (Please see explanation of the CIP taxonomy below.)

Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP): The Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) is a universal classification system provided by the U.S. Department of Education. Summary level CIP codes are displayed at the two-digit level. The CIP also includes more detailed classifications by four- and six-digit codes.

For example:

14) ENGINEERING
14.01) Engineering, General
14.0101) Engineering, General
14.0102) Pre-Engineering

The South Dakota program outcomes data are published at the six-digit CIP code level.

Median Wage: Wage data is displayed for the calendar year following the graduation year (using July through June for the graduation year). The aggregate wage data includes a minimum of three quarters of actual wage data per graduate in a calendar year. This application does not include wages for the self-employed or for employment in businesses that are not covered by unemployment insurance in South Dakota. The wage data may include graduates who are reported as wage earners by more than one employer (graduates who hold more than one job).

Median Wage: Represents the 50th percentile wage, which indicates the point at which 50 percent of South Dakota graduate wage earners earn less than or equal to this amount; 50 percent earn more.

School Type: Users can select to view graduate outcomes data for either South Dakota's five public universities, or for South Dakota's four technical institutes.

Wage Year: Year in which wages were earned, and on which the additional data elements (graduates earning wages in South Dakota, number of jobs held by graduates earning wages in South Dakota, average wage and median wage) are based.