Marcia Hultman

Cabinet Secretary

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Labor Market Information Center

2016 Annual Summary

Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages

Construction Supersector

The Construction supersector is made up of one sector, construction. Businesses within this supersector erect buildings and other structures, perform alterations, installation, maintenance and repairs.

South Dakota Covered Workers and Pay
Supersector, Sector and Subsector Number of Establishments Average Number of Workers Annual Pay
Construction 4,060 22,797 $47,680
  Construction 4,060 22,797 $47,680
    Construction of Buildings 1,322 5,839 $44,741
    Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction 407 3,936 $64,860
    Specialty Trade Contractors 2,331 13,022 $43,805
Totals may not add due to rounding.
Data subject to revision.
Produced by the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.


NAICS Sector 23

The Construction sector is divided into three subsectors:

The Construction of Buildings (NAICS 236) subsector contains establishments that primarily construct new buildings and additions and make alterations to buildings. Work may also include maintenance and repairs. Part or all of the production work may be subcontracted to other construction establishments, such as those dedicated to specialty trades.

The Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction (NAICS 237) subsector includes establishments whose primary activity is the construction of entire engineering projects (e.g. highways). Work may include new construction, additions, alterations or maintenance and repairs. This subsector also includes specialty trade contractors whose primary activity is the production of a specific component for such projects.

The Specialty Trade Contractors (NAICS 238) subsector is defined as establishments whose primary activity is performing specialized activities involved in building construction such as pouring concrete, site preparation, plumbing, painting and electrical work.

The Construction sector built on to its recent annual gains in worker level with an increase of 596 workers in 2016. This 2.7 percent increase placed it fourth among the sectors overall in employment percentage growth (privately owned establishments).
The addition of 50 establishments brought Construction’s total to 4,060, enough to surpass Retail Trade for the top spot in privately owned establishments for 2016. The average annual pay for this sector increased to $47,680, which ranked eighth in annual pay among the sectors for 2016. The additional $2,684 equaled a 6.0 percent rise, the greatest percentage increase in pay among the sectors (privately owned establishments).

Annual pay increased in all three subsectors:

  • Construction of Buildings increased by $1,787 (4.2 percent)
  • Heavy and Civil Engineering increased by $7,576 (13.2 percent)
  • Specialty Trade increased by $1,167 (2.7 percent)

The Specialty Trade subsector accounted for the bulk of the establishment increase with its 48 additions. Heavy and Civil Engineering added eight establishments while the Construction of Buildings subsector declined by six.

While Specialty Trade Contractors led the way in establishment increases, employment levels fell by 0.2 percent (27 workers). The majority of the worker increase occurred in the Heavy and Civil Engineering subsector, which added 485 workers (14.1 percent). Four consecutive years of worker growth has stabilized this subsector. The Construction of Buildings subsector added 138 workers (2.4 percent) in 2016.

The overall picture of construction in South Dakota portrays steady worker growth to support infrastructure repair and upgrades as well as the undertaking of new projects.

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