Sioux Falls Metro Area Profile - Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
About the Sioux Falls Metro Area
In order to qualify as a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), an area must have at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties. The Sioux Falls MSA consists of McCook, Minnehaha, Lincoln and Turner counties.
The following tables compare the area's total employment, new hires and average wages by age and gender for the first quarters of 2013 and 2014.
Total Employment: The estimate of the total number of jobs on the first day of the reference quarter. Each job a person has is included; therefore multiple jobholders are counted more than once.
In the first quarter of 2014, jobs totaled 139,275 for the Sioux Falls MSA, a 3.0 percent increase (4,079 jobs gained) over the year. The Accommodation and Food Services, Retail Trade, and Transportation and Warehousing sectors each gained more than 500 jobs. The Transportation and Warehousing sector had the greatest percentage increase (10.9 percent); jobs in this sector account for 3.7 percent of all jobs in the Sioux Falls MSA for the first quarter of 2014. The Real Estate and Rental and Leasing sector lost the most jobs (48) and incurred the greatest percentage loss (3.4 percent) when compared to the same quarter in 2013. Jobs in this sector account for 1.0 percent of the area's total employment numbers for the first quarter of 2014.
Employment by Age
All age groups' employment levels increased over the year. The youngest workers had the greatest percentage increase (8.9 percent), with the eldest age group not far behind (8.1 percent). The Accommodations and Food Service sector and the Retail Trade sector each employed more than 30 percent of the youngest age group. The Retail Trade and Health Care and Social Assistance sectors each employed the greatest percentages of workers in the eldest age group (more than 17 percent of total jobs in each sector).
Employment by Gender and Age
In the Sioux Falls MSA, the workforce was 51 percent female and 49 percent male for the first quarter of 2014.
More than 70 percent of the Sioux Falls MSA's female workforce worked in five sectors: Health Care and Social Assistance, Retail Trade, Finance and Insurance, Accommodation and Food Services, or Educational Services. The Health Care and Social Assistance sector employed 19,868 female workers, which equaled more than 27 percent of the female workforce.
The employment level for 45 to 54 year old females was the only group to decline over the year (0.4 percent). The greatest increase was 7.4 percent for those 65 to 99 years.
More than half of the male workforce in the Sioux Falls MSA worked in five sectors: Retail Trade, Manufacturing, Wholesale Trade, Construction, or Accommodations and Food Services. The Retail Trade and the Manufacturing sectors each employed more than 13 percent of male workers.
Employment levels for all the male groups increased. The youngest age group increased by almost 15 percent. The 19- to 21-year-olds had the smallest increase at 0.4 percent.
New Hires: The estimated number of workers who started a new job. More specifically, total hires who worked for an employer in the specified quarter and were not employed by that employer in any of the previous four quarters. New hire activity is heavily affected by seasonality and economic influences.
In the Sioux Falls MSA, total new hires increased 7.0 percent from 2013 to 2014 (first quarters). The Accommodation and Food Services sector gained 474 new hires and Retail Trade gained 298 new hires. Compared to the first quarter of 2013, the Finance and Insurance sector had 216 fewer new hires.
New Hires by Age
The 25 to 34 year age group made up 27.3 percent of the new hires in the first quarter of 2014.
New hire levels rose across all age groups; the greatest percentage increase occurred in the 14 to 18 age range at 13.8 percent. Those in the 22 to 24 age group held the second spot with an 11.4 percent increase. The remaining age groups grew between 1.8 percent and 9.9 percent over the year.
New Hires by Gender and Age
In the Sioux Falls MSA, the new hires for the first quarter of 2014 were 47 percent female and 53 percent male.
The Accommodation and Food Services sector accounted for 21 percent of female new hires in the first quarter of 2014. Two-thirds of female new hires worked in this sector, Health Care and Social Assistance, Retail Trade, or Administrative and Support and Waste Management Services.
New hires increased for all but one female age group over the year. New hires declined by 0.4 percent for the 35- to 44-year-olds. The youngest group with its 8.0 percent increase climbed the most among the female groups.
The Accommodations and Food Service sector and the Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services sectors each accounted for more than 15 percent of the male new hires in the first quarter of 2014; almost two-thirds worked in the aforementioned sectors, Retail Trade, Manufacturing or Construction.
All male groups increased by more than 2 percent over the year. At 20.9 percent, those 14 to 18 years had the highest percentage increase in new hire levels, followed by 22- to 24-year-olds at 17.1 percent. Males 19 to 21 years old measured the smallest increase at 2.3 percent.
Average monthly earnings: The average monthly earnings of employees with stable jobs (worked at the same firm for the entire quarter). Earnings measures are a mix of full-time and part-time jobs (not adjusted for hours).
In the Sioux Falls MSA, average monthly earnings rose 5.6 percent from 2013 to 2014 (first quarters).
Earnings by Age
The 45- to 54-year olds broke the $4,500 mark for average monthly wages while the adjacent age groups (35 to 44 and 55 to 64) earned more than $4,000 on average. All age groups' earnings increased over the year, with those 55 to 64 years seeing the greatest percentage increase.
Earnings by Gender and Age
Women's average monthly earnings increased 4.7 percent overall. All age groups increased by at least 1.8 percent, with the 55- to 64-year-olds leading the way with a 10.2 percent increase.
Men's average monthly earnings increased 6 percent overall. All age groups increased by at least 2.5 percent. The 65- to 99-year-olds had the greatest percentage increase at 9.9 percent.
Sioux Falls MSA On The Map
The following graphics provide labor shed data (where people in the area live and work) for the Sioux Falls MSA. At the beginning of the second quarter in 2011 (most current data available), 87.5 percent of workers who lived in the Sioux Falls MSA had a primary job in the MSA while 12.5 percent who lived in the MSA were employed outside of it. Of those employed in the area, 17.4 percent commute from outside the MSA. A primary job is the highest paying job for an individual worker. Primary jobs are public- and private-sector jobs, one job per worker.
About the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Data
The LED partnership is the cornerstone of a program designed to develop new information about local labor markets. This partnership between state labor market information agencies and the Census Bureau supplies new measures known as Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). The LED data compiled throughout this report by the U.S. Census Bureau is not reflective of labor market reports from other Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) programs.
Note: Federal government employment is not generally included in the QWI data. Exempted employment varies slightly from state to state due to variations in state unemployment laws, but generally also excludes many farmers and agricultural employees, domestic workers, self-employed non-agricultural workers, members of the Armed Services, some state and local government employees as well as certain types of nonprofit employers and religious organizations (which are given a choice of coverage or non-coverage in a number of states).
How is confidentiality addressed in the data?
The Census Bureau and the state partners are committed to protecting the confidentiality of the data in the LED files. Technically, the approach to avoid disclosure of individual information combines cell suppression methodology with the addition of statistical noise, controlling key measures to county employment levels as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
You can easily access the LED data tools on the U.S. Census Bureau's website. The Labor Market Information Center's economic analysts are familiar with the tools and are available to assist you. Please contact us as needed for assistance.