Sioux Falls Metro Area Profile - Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
About the Sioux Falls Metro Area
In order to qualify as a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), an area must have at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties. The Sioux Falls MSA consists of McCook, Minnehaha, Lincoln and Turner counties.
The following tables compare the area's total employment, new hires and average wages by age and gender for the second quarters of 2012 and 2013.
Total Employment: The estimate of the total number of jobs on the first day of the reference quarter. Each job a person has is included; therefore multiple jobholders are counted more than once.
In the second quarter of 2013, jobs totaled 137,945 for the Sioux Falls MSA, a 2.3 percent increase (3,163 jobs gained) over the year. The Health Care and Social Services sector gained the most jobs (1,876) followed by the Finance and Insurance sector (551) and the Professional, Scientific and Technical Services sector (430). With an increase of 103 jobs, the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector had the greatest percentage increase (29 percent); however, jobs in this sector account for only 0.3 percent of all jobs in the Sioux Falls MSA for the second quarter of 2013. The Arts, Entertainment and Recreation sector lost the most jobs (200) and incurred the greatest percentage loss when compared to the same quarter in 2012. Jobs in this sector account for 1.6 percent of the area's total employment numbers for the second quarter of 2013.
Employment by Age
Overall, the age groups' employment levels increased over the year, with one exception. Employment levels for those 45 to 54 years old decreased by 0.2 percent (a loss of 66 jobs). The 65- to 99-year-olds had the greatest percentage increase in employment levels at 7 percent. The Retail Trade sector and the Health Care and Social Assistance sector employed the greatest numbers in this eldest age group (18.5 percent and 17.3 percent, respectively).
Employment by Gender and Age
In the Sioux Falls MSA, the workforce was 52 percent female and 48 percent male for the second quarter of 2013.
More than 70 percent of the Sioux Falls MSA's female workforce worked in five sectors: Health Care and Social Assistance, Retail Trade, Finance and Insurance, Educational Services, or Accommodation and Food Services. The Health Care and Social Assistance sector employed more than 28 percent of female workers, which is more than double the percentage of female workers in the next highest sector (Retail Trade).
Employment levels increased for all the women's age groups. The greatest increase was 6 percent for those 65 to 99 years; the smallest increase was 0.2 percent for those 45 to 54 years.
More than half of the Sioux Falls MSA's male workforce worked in five sectors: Retail Trade, Manufacturing, Wholesale Trade, Construction, or Accommodations and Food Services. The Retail Trade and the Manufacturing sectors each employed more than 13 percent of male workers.
The employment level for 45 to 54 year old males was the only one to decline (-0.7 percent). Increases ranged from 1 percent to 8.1 percent (65- to 99-year-olds).
New Hires: The estimated number of workers who started a new job. More specifically, total hires who worked for an employer in the specified quarter and were not employed by that employer in any of the previous four quarters. New hire activity is heavily affected by seasonality and economic influences.
In the Sioux Falls MSA, total new hires increased 6.2 percent from 2012 to 2013 (second quarters). Two sectors added more than 300 new hires each: the Accommodation and Food Services sector (482) and the Construction sector (337).
New Hires by Age
The 25 to 34 year age group made up 23.8 percent of the new hires in the second quarter of 2013.
New hire levels rose across all age groups; the greatest percentage increase occurred in the 65 to 99 age bracket (35.3 percent). Those in the 55 to 64 age group held the second spot with a 22.3 percent increase. The remaining age groups grew between 1.9 percent and 9.1 percent over the year.
New Hires by Gender and Age
In the Sioux Falls MSA, the new hires for the second quarter of 2013 were 47 percent female and 53 percent male.
The Accommodation and Food Services accounted for 22.5 percent of female new hires in the second quarter of 2013. Almost three-quarters of female new hires worked in this sector, the Retail Trade, Health Care and Social Assistance, Administrative and Support and Waste Management Services, or Finance and Insurance sectors.
New hires increased for all age groups over the year. The greatest increase was for those 65-99 at 83.6 percent. Overall, this group makes up a small percentage of the new hires so a small number of new hires may result in a high percentage increase; however, the group also had the greatest number of new hires in the quarter (117). Much of this new hire increase seems to have occurred in the Finance and Insurance sector. The numbers of new hires return to usual levels for this age group in the prior and subsequent quarters. One possible explanation is some companies underwent a reclassification from one industry to another during this period, which might lead to a spike in the new hire figures. Another possibility is the methodology the Census Bureau uses might create this result. The bureau uses a noise infusion methodology to "fuzz" the data in order to guarantee released measures protect the confidentiality of workers and establishments, sometimes leading to significant distortion of the data's true value. The 2013 second quarter data for new hires in the Finance and Insurance sector is flagged as significantly distorted by the Census Bureau. More information on noise infusion can be found in the QWI 101 document on the U.S. Census Bureau website.
The Construction sector and Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services sector each accounted for more than 15 percent of the new hires in the second quarter of 2013; almost 60 percent of the Sioux Falls MSA's male new hires worked in the aforementioned sectors, Accommodations and Food Services, or Retail Trade.
At 19.3 percent, those 55 to 64 years had the highest percentage increase in new hire levels, followed by 14- to 18-year-olds at 9.1 percent. Males 19 to 21 years old measured the smallest increase at 0.5 percent.
Average monthly earnings: The average monthly earnings of employees with stable jobs (worked at the same firm for the entire quarter). Earnings measures are a mix of full-time and part-time jobs (not adjusted for hours).
In the Sioux Falls MSA, earnings rose 1.7 percent from 2012 to 2013 (second quarters).
Earnings by Age
Those in the 35 to 54 age groups topped $4,000 in average monthly wages. All age groups earnings increased over the year, with the eldest and the youngest receiving the greatest percentage wage increases on average.
Earnings by Gender and Age
Overall, the women's average monthly earnings increased by 1.9 percent. All age groups increased by at least 0.6 percent, with the 65- to 99-year-olds leading the way with a 6 percent increase.
Overall, the men's average monthly earnings increased 1.7 percent. All age groups increased by at least 0.9 percent. As with the women, the 65- to 99-year-olds had the greatest percentage increase at 10.3 percent.
Sioux Falls MSA On The Map
The following graphics provide labor shed data (where people in the area live and work) for the Sioux Falls MSA. At the beginning of the second quarter in 2011 (most current data available), 87.5 percent of people who lived in the Sioux Falls MSA had a primary job in the MSA while 12.5 percent who lived in the MSA were employed outside of it. Of those employed in the area, 17.4 percent commute from outside the MSA. A primary job is the highest paying job for an individual worker. Primary jobs are public- and private-sector jobs, one job per worker.
About the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Data
The LED partnership is the cornerstone of a program designed to develop new information about local labor markets. This partnership between state labor market information agencies and the Census Bureau supplies new measures known as Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). The LED data compiled throughout this report by the U.S. Census Bureau is not reflective of labor market reports from other Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) programs.
Note: Federal government employment is not generally included in the QWI data. Exempted employment varies slightly from state to state due to variations in state unemployment laws, but generally also excludes many farmers and agricultural employees, domestic workers, self-employed non-agricultural workers, members of the Armed Services, some state and local government employees as well as certain types of nonprofit employers and religious organizations (which are given a choice of coverage or non-coverage in a number of states).
How is confidentiality addressed in the data?
The Census Bureau and the state partners are committed to protecting the confidentiality of the data in the LED files. Technically, the approach to avoid disclosure of individual information combines cell suppression methodology with the addition of statistical noise, controlling key measures to county employment levels as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
You can easily access the LED data tools on the U.S. Census Bureau's website. The Labor Market Information Center's economic analysts are familiar with the tools and are available to assist you. Please contact us as needed for assistance.