Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

Sioux Falls Metro Area Profile - Local Employment Dynamics (LED)

About the Sioux Falls Metro Area

In order to qualify as a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), an area must have at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties. The Sioux Falls MSA consists of McCook, Minnehaha, Lincoln and Turner counties.

Sioux Falls MSA map

Employment

The following tables compare the area's total employment, new hires and average wages by age and gender for the first quarters of 2012 and 2013.

Total Employment

Total Employment: The estimate of the total number of jobs on the first day of the reference quarter. Each job a person has is included; therefore multiple jobholders are counted more than once.

In the first quarter of 2013, jobs totaled 135,771 for the Sioux Falls MSA, a 3.7 percent increase (4,813 jobs gained) over the year. The Health Care and Social Services sector gained the most jobs (2,766) followed by the Finance and Insurance sector (600) and the Manufacturing sector (590). With an increase of 82 jobs, the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector had the greatest percentage increase (24.6 percent); however, jobs in this sector account for only 0.3 percent of all jobs in the Sioux Falls MSA for the first quarter of 2013. The Arts, Entertainment and Recreation sector lost the most jobs (282) and incurred the greatest percentage loss when compared to the same quarter in 2012. Jobs in this sector account for 1.5 percent of the area's total employment numbers for the first quarter of 2013.

Employment by Age

Overall, all age groups' employment levels increased over the year. The 65- to 99-year-olds had the greatest percentage increase in employment levels at 8.6 percent over the year. Accounting for approximately 18 percent each, The Retail Trade sector and the Health Care and Social Assistance sector employed the greatest numbers in this eldest age group.

Sioux Falls MSA Total Employment by Age

Sioux Falls MSA Total Employment by Age Over-the-year change

Employment by Gender and Age

In the Sioux Falls MSA, the workforce was 52 percent female and 48 percent male for the first quarter of 2013.

Sioux Falls MSA Percentage of Workers by Gender


Employment by Gender

In the Sioux Falls MSA, the workforce was 51 percent female and 49 percent male for the fourth quarter of 2012.

Females
More than 70 percent of the Sioux Falls MSA's female workforce worked in five sectors: Health Care and Social Assistance, Retail Trade, Finance and Insurance, Educational Services, or Accommodation and Food Services. The Health Care and Social Assistance sector employed more than 28 percent of female workers, which is more than double the percentage of female workers in the next highest sector (Retail Trade).

Employment levels increased by more than 2 percent for all the women's age groups. The greatest increase was 9.6 percent for those 65 to 99 years.

Males
More than half of the Sioux Falls MSA's male workforce worked in five sectors: Retail Trade, Manufacturing, Wholesale Trade, Construction, or Health Care and Social Assistance. The Retail Trade and the Manufacturing sectors each employed about 14 percent of male workers.

The employment level for males 45 to 54 years was the only one to decline (-0.2 percent). Increases ranged from just under 1 percent to 7.6 percent (65- to 99-year-olds).

Sioux Falls MSA total Employment by Age and Gender

Hiring Activity

New Hires: The estimated number of workers who started a new job. More specifically, total hires who worked for an employer in the specified quarter and were not employed by that employer in any of the previous four quarters. New hire activity is heavily affected by seasonality and economic influences.

In the Sioux Falls MSA, total new hires decreased 4 percent 2012 to 2013 (first quarters), however, this decline might be attributed to a shift in the subsectors employees were reported in rather than an actual decline. An overwhelming majority of the new hire losses appear in the Health Care and Social Services sector (1,443); however, upon further examination the 1,684 new hires reported for the first quarter of 2013 appear to be a return to normal after a spike of 3,127 new hires in the first quarter of 2012 in this sector. Furthermore, for the fourth quarter of 2011, separations were far above the same quarter in other years. One plausible explanation is that hospitals took over the reporting of clinics during this time. In the process, employees would be counted in a different industry subsector than in prior quarters, possibly causing spikes in separations and new hires during those quarters. Another possibility is the methodology the Census Bureau uses might create this result. The bureau uses a noise infusion methodology to "fuzz" the data in order to guarantee released measures protect the confidentiality of workers and establishments, sometimes leading to significant distortion of the data's true value. The 2011 fourth quarter data for new hires in the Health Care and Social Services sector is flagged as significantly distorted by the Census Bureau. More information on noise infusion can be found in the QWI 101 document on the U.S. Census Bureau website.

Four sectors added more than 100 new hires: Retail Trade (171), Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (157), Finance and Insurance (145), and Accommodations and Food Services (102).

New Hires by Age

The 25 to 34 year age group made up more than 25 percent of the new hires in the first quarter of 2013. New hire levels rose for the three youngest age groups; the greatest increase occurred in the 19-21 age bracket. New hire levels fell in six age groups; the greatest decline occurred in the 55 to 64 age group (12.9 percent decrease). Keep in mind the factors mentioned above regarding the overall decline will also be reflected in breakdowns by age, etc.

Sioux Falls MSA New Hires by Age

Sioux Falls MSA New Hires Over-the-year Change by Age

New Hires by Gender and Age

In the Sioux Falls MSA, the new hires for the first quarter of 2013 were 48 percent female and 52 percent male.

Sioux Falls MSA Percentage of New Hires by Gender

Females
The Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services sector and Accommodations and Food Services sector also employed the most male new hires at about 16 percent each; more than 60 percent of the Sioux Falls MSA's male new hires worked in the aforementioned sectors, Retail Trade, Construction or Manufacturing.

All female age groups showed losses in new hires over the year. A majority of these losses can be traced back to Health Care and Social Assistance, so it's likely these losses stem from the theories presented above.

Males
The Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services sector and Accommodations and Food Services sector also employed the most male new hires at about 16 percent each; more than 60 percent of the Sioux Falls MSA's male new hires worked in the aforementioned sectors, Retail Trade, Construction or Manufacturing.

Not nearly as many men work in Health Care and Social Assistance, so while the theories presented above might have some effect on their age category breakdowns, it is mostly likely not as significant as it is for the women. At 9.2 percent, those 55 to 64 years had the highest percentage increase in new hire levels for either gender, followed by 14- to 18-year-olds and 19 to 21-year-olds, each with a 8.3 percent increase. With a 1.7 percent drop, 35- to 44-year-olds' new hire percentage levels were the only ones to decline among males.

Sioux Falls MSA New Hires by Age and Gender

Earnings

Average monthly earnings: The average monthly earnings of employees with stable jobs (worked at the same firm for the entire quarter). Earnings measures are a mix of full-time and part-time jobs (not adjusted for hours).

In the Sioux Falls MSA, earnings rose 1.3 percent from 2012 to 2013 (first quarters).

Earnings by Age

Those in the 35 to 64 age groups topped $4,000 in average monthly wages. Despite having the highest average earnings for the first quarter of 2013, the 45- to 54-year-olds' average earnings decreased by 2.2 percent over the year. The greatest percentage increase in earnings occurred in the 65 to 99 age group (5.4 percent).

Sioux Falls MSA Average Wages by Age

Sioux Falls MSA Average Wages Over-the-year Change, by Age

Earnings by Gender and Age

Females
Overall, women's average monthly earnings increased by 5.4 percent. All age groups increased by at least 1.5 percent, with the 65- to 99-year-olds leading the way with an 8 percent increase.

Males
Overall, men's average monthly earnings decreased 1.1 percent. With a 5.2 percent drop, males 45 to 54 years experienced the greatest loss in earnings. As with the women, the 65- to 99-year-olds had the greatest percentage increase at 4.7 percent.

Sioux Falls MSA Average Wages by Age and Gender

Sioux Falls MSA On The Map

The following graphics provide labor shed data (where people in the area live and work) for the Sioux Falls MSA. At the beginning of the second quarter in 2011 (most current data available), 87.5 percent of people who lived in the Sioux Falls MSA had a primary job in the MSA while 12.5 percent who lived in the MSA were employed outside of it. Of those employed in the area, 17.4 percent commute from outside the MSA. A primary job is the highest paying job for an individual worker. Primary jobs are public- and private-sector jobs, one job per worker.

Sioux Falls MSA

 

Sioux Falls MSA labor shed map

About the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Data

The LED partnership is the cornerstone of a program designed to develop new information about local labor markets. This partnership between state labor market information agencies and the Census Bureau supplies new measures known as Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). The LED data compiled throughout this report by the U.S. Census Bureau is not reflective of labor market reports from other Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) programs.

Note: Federal government employment is not generally included in the QWI data. Exempted employment varies slightly from state to state due to variations in state unemployment laws, but generally also excludes many farmers and agricultural employees, domestic workers, self-employed non-agricultural workers, members of the Armed Services, some state and local government employees as well as certain types of nonprofit employers and religious organizations (which are given a choice of coverage or non-coverage in a number of states).

How is confidentiality addressed in the data?

The Census Bureau and the state partners are committed to protecting the confidentiality of the data in the LED files. Technically, the approach to avoid disclosure of individual information combines cell suppression methodology with the addition of statistical noise, controlling key measures to county employment levels as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

You can easily access the LED data tools on the U.S. Census Bureau's website. The Labor Market Information Center's economic analysts are familiar with the tools and are available to assist you. Please contact us as needed for assistance.


Marcia Hultman, Secretary
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184